Ginger is well known in eastern countries mainly used for heating drinks. Ginger drink has a delicious flavor, refreshing, warms the body and is believed to have efficacy as an herbal medicine. In general, the plant part used for drinks is the bulb or rhizomes.
Ginger plants are known by most people and used for herbal purposes, drinks or recipes there are 3 types.
Small yellow ginger or known as ginger sunti or ginger emprit.
The grass is small, slightly flat to slightly bulging. Ginger oil content is greater atsirinya so it feels more spicy.
The rhinoceros is red and contains a large volatile oil.
Large yellow ginger or Elephant ginger
Ginger has a large rhizome and fat, rhizome segment more bulging than the other two varieties. The essential content is smaller.
Ginger rhizome is commonly used, while the leaves of ginger also has a distinctive aroma that is similar to the rhizome.
Does ginger leaf have the same benefits as the rhizome?
Ginger leaves can be distilled to get the essential oil like ginger rhizome.
Antioxidants can be known from the essential oils in the leaf bladder. Essential oils are produced by plants as a result of their secondary metabolism. This oil is volatile at room temperature, has a bitter taste, and smells fragrant in accordance with the smell of the plant producer. Essential oils are reported to have biological capabilities such as being antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antitumor, and neutralizing toxins.
From the test results to the isolation of essential oils of this ginger leaves indicate that ginger leaves have antioxidant capacity. Ginger leaves have an antioxidant capacity of 0.66 grams equivalent of ascorbic acid (AEAC) / 100 grams of essential oil. However, the antioxidant capacity of leaf ginger is relatively small when compared with other Zingiberaceae family. The largest antioxidant capacity in the Zingiberaceae family is owned by the Black Gather (Curcuma aeruginosa).
The content of water in ginger leaves is relatively high about 80%, equivalent to the plants in the Zingiberaceae family. Ginger content of ginger leaf oil is about 0.08%. The smallest oil content is owned by the galangal leaf.