Simple residential building earthquake-resistant is very useful for residents who live in earthquake areas. An earthquake caused by several causes is not discussed on this page but is discussed in another page at free-technews.info. Countries with middle-income inhabitants desperately need the concept of simple earthquake-resistant residential buildings.
Objectives Planning for Earthquake Resistant Buildings.
The purpose of planning earthquake resistant buildings as follows below.
Prevent and reduce the incidence of human fatalities.
Prevents, reduces, or protects people from injury.
Prevent and reduce the occurrence of damage to buildings.
Prevent and reduce the incidence of damage to the contents of the building (property, furniture, and valuables).
The building’s concept of earthquake resistant can be formulated based on references written by earthquake experts, institutions and studies from a field survey in earthquake-damaged areas.
The Principles of Earthquake Resistant Buildings.
Earthquakes can be classified into 3 levels ie, light earthquakes, moderate earthquakes, and heavy earthquakes. In the construction of simple earthquake resistant, residential buildings must meet the principles of earthquake-resistant buildings. These principles are as follows.
In the event of a light earthquake, the building is not damaged.
In the event of a moderate earthquake, the technical building may suffer damage to non-structural elements but should not be damaged in its structural elements. Simple earthquake-resistant buildings may damage the walls.
In case of a major earthquake, the technical building may suffer damage to its non-structural elements and structures. Fixed buildings should not collapse, while simple buildings may suffer wall damage and retrofitting practically. The damage can still be fixed.
Buildings that are resistant to large earthquakes are ductile buildings (clay, a lot). The ductile building is the ability of the building to change shape but still can accept the burden. The opposite of ductile builds is the brittle building. The brittle building is not very resistant to earthquake shocks.