Our previous writings have examined the damage to buildings caused by earthquakes. We have also studied the concept of the simple earthquake-resistant building. This is important for people living in earthquake-prone areas.
Simple earthquake-resistant residential buildings in an architectural review include three things: the discussion of design, roof and wall building openings.
Building design should have a symmetrical shape because this form can eliminate the effect of torsion. Simple symmetrical design forms, among others, squares and rectangles.
But we can choose a symmetrical design that is not simple for our home. The shape of the circle and the many facets is including the design of a symmetrical shape that is not simple.
Buildings that have an asymmetrical design should be separated into sections that have a symmetrical shape.
L-shaped buildings can be separated into two sections of the building in the form of squares and rectangles. T-shaped buildings can also be separated into 2 or 3 square-shaped symmetric designs and rectangles.
Unsymmetrical design forms separated into symmetrical shapes are to avoid torsional effects on buildings.
Design that is too long will reduce the strength (performance) of buildings in the event of a decline in buildings and differences in movement behavior due to the effects of non-structural reality and the reality of loading. Therefore, the building should be separated according to the conditions of soil uniformity and uniformity of the building. So, for example, the building is too long then separated into 2 or 3 parts of the square shaped building.
Basically, roof forms that are too big and too heavy can endanger the security of the structure as it can lead to larger earthquake loads. Therefore, the use of roofing is recommended to use lightweight roofing materials such as zinc, asbestos or aluminum. Asbestos or zinc roofing material should be tied to the gording with nails, iron plates or bolts.
For areas one and two, when using a roof tile should be tied to the batten. While on the tile that has a hole can be tied to a nail. The tile that does not have a hole should be tied every 4-lane roof with wire fastener.