People use ginger for spices, natural herbal medicines, and healthy drinks. One reason people like ginger is because of the antioxidant content of ginger. Antioxidant ginger is more popular because people get ginger relatively easily. Generally, people use Ginger Antioxidants sourced from the ginger rhizome.
Eastern countries have known ginger for a long time. They often use it for warm drinks during the rainy season. Ginger drinks have a delicious, warm and refreshing flavor. In addition, ginger drink efficacy as herbal medicine. In general, they mix drinks using tubers or rhizomes. They are also easier to carry and store the ginger rhizome.
Easterners know some types of ginger. They can buy in traditional markets, supermarkets, or plant themselves in the garden. The types of ginger include:
Small Yellow Ginger.
This ginger has small segments, rather flat to slightly bulging. This ginger rhizome contains more essential oil so that it tastes spicier.
The rhizome is red and has a large essential oil content.
Big Yellow Ginger or Elephant Ginger
This ginger has large and fat rhizomes. The ginger rhizome segment is more bulging than the other two varieties. This ginger has a smaller volatile content.
The content of Ginger Essential Oil.
Generally, people generally use ginger rhizomes and dispose of other plant parts. Actually, ginger leaves also have a distinctive aroma that is similar to the rhizome. Does ginger leaves have the same benefits as the rhizome?
Actually, we can test the antioxidant content of ginger in other parts of the plant. One of them, we can try on ginger leaves. We can distill ginger leaves to get essential oils as well as ginger rhizomes. After we get the essential oil, then we can analyze the volatile. We can find out the antioxidant levels of ginger from essential oils.
Actually, we use a lot of plant essential oils. Many plants have essential oils. People refer to essential oils with aetheric oil, essential oil or aromatic oil. Essential oil is a vegetable oil that has a liquid form. This oil easily evaporates at room temperature. This oil has a distinctive aroma. Generally, people use it as a natural perfume or liniment.
Plants produce essential oils as a result of their secondary metabolism. Essential oils have a bitter taste and smell nice according to the smell of the producing plants. Essential oils have biological abilities such as being antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-tumor and neutralizing toxins.
Antioxidant Content of Ginger in Leaves
We can distill ginger leaves to get essential oils. After we get the essential oil, then we can analyze the volatile. We need to test the isolation of essential oils that have been obtained earlier. Well, then we can see the results of the test whether it has the antioxidant capacity or not.
From the results of this test on the isolation of ginger leaf essential oil, it shows that ginger leaves have antioxidant capacity. Ginger leaves have an antioxidant capacity of 0.66 grams equivalent of ascorbic acid (AEAC) / 100 grams of essential oil. This shows that ginger leaves can also be used for antioxidants. However, ginger leaves have a relatively small antioxidant capacity when compared to other Zingiberaceae families.
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