Grains as Alternative Sources of Protein for Vegetarians

In the group of non-animal protein sources, we can use grains as alternative sources of protein for vegetarians. In addition to grains as alternative sources of protein for vegetarians, we can also add nuts, vegetables, fruit and vegetable derivatives.

grains as alternative sources of protein for vegetarians
grains as alternative sources of protein for vegetarians

You can make recipe food creations from seeds, nuts, vegetables and derivative foods according to taste. At the bottom of this, let’s examine the grains as alternative sources of protein for vegetarians.

You can read Nuts as Alternative Sources of Protein for Vegetarians.

Grains as Alternative Sources of Protein for Vegetarians

Chia seeds

This seed has a small size. We can obtain chia seed from Salvia hispanica from the Lamiaceae family. People familiar with other plants called chia include golden chia and endless herb Salvia polystachya. In 100g chia seeds contain 16.5 grams of protein, 486 calories, iron 7.7 mg, calcium 631 mg, potassium 407 mg, magnesium 335 mg.


Oats are a species of grain cereal and people consume them as oatmeal or rolled oats. In 100 grams of oats contains 34% protein, iron 26%, Vit B-6 5%, calcium 5% and 44% magnesium.


Almond is one type of fruit that has an outer shell or hard shell. The crowds are developing almonds in different countries, even from the Middle East. Almond fruit that has not been peeled is the size of the date palm but its shape is oval and hard. In 100 grams of almonds contain 42% protein, 28% calcium, 20% Iron, Magnesium 67%.

Pumpkin Seeds

You can process this seed from the pumpkin. Pumpkin seeds contain 19g of protein per 100g, potassium, protein, sodium, vitamin A, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, vitamin C, magnesium and vitamin D. The efficacy of pumpkin seeds to help diabetics is able to maintain normal blood sugar levels. The fiber in pumpkin seeds to maintain healthy digestive organs of the body.


Corn contains 9.2 grams of protein in 100 grams of weight. These seeds contain carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, potassium, fiber, vitamins, linoleic acid, folic acid, beta-carotene, Vitamin C, carotenoids, and bioflavonoids.

Sunflower seed

Sunflower seeds contain plant proteins and a variety of important minerals such as magnesium, iron, and selenium. At 100 grams of sunflower seeds contained 21 grams of protein.

Nuts as Alternative Sources of Protein for Vegetarians

You can find recipes that contain nuts as alternative sources of protein for vegetarians. We can derive proteins from two alternative sources of protein from animal protein sources and vegetable protein sources. However, vegetarians cannot take protein from animal protein sources. We can examine plant-based ingredients to find nuts as alternative sources of protein for vegetarians.

Our body needs nutrient intake which one of them is protein. Protein must meet the needs of the body. If limiting on plant foods to find an alternative source of protein for vegetarians, is it sufficient?

nuts as alternative sources of protein for vegetarians
nuts as alternative sources of protein for vegetarians

Vegetarians can meet the protein requirements of nuts, vegetables, seeds and their derivatives. Almost all foods from this group contain high vegetable protein. We will discuss each of them in separate articles.

Nuts as Alternative Sources of Protein for Vegetarians


Peas (peas) contain 10% protein. These nuts also contain Vitamin A, C, B, magnesium, and iron. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. Peas can have a green or yellowish color. Vitamin C reaches 66%.

Red beans

These beans have a rich protein content. In 100 grams of red beans contain 24 g protein. The kidney bean is a variety of the common beans. It is named for its visual resemblance in shape and color to a kidney. Red kidney beans should not be confused with other red beans. Red beans have Vitamin B, C, calcium, magnesium, iron and nine types of amino acids.


Soybeans are a species of legume native to East Asia. North Americans know Glycine max as soybeans. We can process soybeans into some derivatives of food.

Soy contains 446 calories with 72% protein, Vitamin C, B6, potassium, calcium, iron, and magnesium. These foods include non-cholesterol. Soybeans are a good source of protein.

Black Soybean

Black soybeans are an important source of protein. These soybeans contain iron, folate, potassium, and fiber. People cook black soybeans by boiling, or as an additive for soups, salads, and more.


People also recognize these beans as Arab nuts or garbanzo beans. You can sprinkle chickpeas into salads or salty fry as crispy. Arab beans contain 9 grams of protein per 100 grams, food fiber 8 gr, folate 172 mg, and manganese 1 mg. Arab nuts are low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium.


The walnuts are nuts from the Juglans snake tree mostly from Juglans regia or Persian walnut nuts. To taste sour, people process green walnuts. Walnuts contain protein, fatty acids, omega-3s, manganese biotin, and fiber.

Domestic Nuts as Alternative Source of Protein for Vegetarians


Edamame is a popular soybean in Japan. These beans are harvested when they are raw or immature soybeans. In 100 grams Edamame contains 11 g protein, Vit C 10%, Vit B-6 5%, Calcium 6%, magnesium 16%.

Black Beans

Black beans contain a protein of 7.6 g per ½ cup servings (cooked). Other ingredients in black beans are fiber, folate, potassium, vitamin B6, and phytonutrients. Diabetics can consume black beans because they can help control blood sugar in the body to stabilize.


Quinoa is one type of grain derived from Chenopodium quinoa plant. In every 185 grams of quinoa contains 8.14 grams of protein. In addition to protein, quinoa also contains nine essential amino acids the body needs for cell growth and repair. Quinoa also contains unsaturated fats and fiber that is good for your heart health. The high altitude highlands of Bolivia and Peru cultivate as staple foods.

Cashew nut

Cashews contain a protein of 5g in ¼ cup. In addition, cashews contain high calories, magnesium and vitamin K.

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Grains as an Alternative to Protein Sources for Vegetarians

Wood Grasshopper As Alternative Sources of Protein

People in some countries need a convenient alternative sources of protein. Some of them utilize natural wealth to meet their alternative sources of protein. They cook food as an alternative source of protein from generation to generation, and often the animal material is an extreme foodstuff.

A small number of people in West African countries and other countries such as China and Indonesia consume grasshoppers as a side dish. They cook different types of locusts according to their natural state. Generally, they cook with fried with a spice typical of traditional herbs. For the community, the grasshopper is one alternative source of protein that can be obtained by cheap and easy from nature.

alternative sources of protein
alternative sources of protein

Most people may feel disgusted to eat fried locusts or toast because they are not common foods. Grasshoppers are a pest in the general sense. This unattractive form also makes people afraid to consume grasshoppers.

Wood Grasshopper As an Alternate Sources of Protein. Can it be?

There are actually about 80 types of locusts can be safely consumed. Grasshoppers can be one alternative food source because of its large availability and can be primary food seen from an ecological perspective.

People can make grasshopper flour to avoid disgust and to make it easier to store. Initially, people wash the grasshoppers and remove the legs and wings before drying. Masking tools can use a hammer mill or other tools to become flour.

The types of grasshoppers and their habitats will affect the protein content. Melanoplus cinereus or Wood Grasshopper is a herbivorous locust that habituates in Sesbania grandiflora, cassava, and teak trees. Wood grasshopper flour has a protein content of 19 – 33 percent depending on the process of the siege. This content is still higher than shrimp flour. While Arcida cinerea has a protein content of 65.4 percent. Arcida is a type of grasshopper that used to live in agricultural fields such as sorghum, wheat, rice, and cotton. The habitat of these two types of grasshoppers causes a difference in the diet that affects the nutrients of both locusts.

People do the process of drying grasshoppers by way of drying, frying or in the oven. This difference in the process will affect the protein, mineral and fat contents. The process of making this grasshopper affect the grasshopper’s acceptance as a foodstuff by the community.

Things to Know Before Botox Injections

People using botox should understand the things know before botox injection. Women and men often use botox for cosmetic purposes so botox becomes popular. The more popular then more and more people are interested in botox injection. This is where people also have to understand things to know before botox injection.

At first, people use botox injections only for the treatment of cross-eyed eyes in infants and overcome the twitch on the face. Later in its development, botox has become a means to beautify the appearance (especially the face). The public began to realize the benefits of botox injections to remove wrinkles in the area of ​​eyebrows and forehead. The Food & Drug Administration agreed that botox injections (Botulinum toxin A) could support a temporary appearance after a clinical trial in 2002.

Botox in General – Things to Know Before Botox Injections

Botox is a Relatively Safe Procedure

People are very interested in botox injections as antiaging and cosmetic procedures. The botox doctor injects botox into the muscles that regulate facial expressions. Therefore you should find the best botox doctor to perform this botox injection procedure.

Botox is a relatively safe procedure. Botox injection has reversible properties or can return to its original position. The body can absorb and remove botox through body fluids in a matter of a few months.

Botox and Toxin

Botox is one of botulinum toxin. There are 8 types of botulinum toxin, identified with the letters A to H. Botox is another name for Botulinum Toxin A, a protein extracted from the Clostridium Botulinum bacteria. The process of protein recovery from bacteria is similar to the process of purifying proteins in other antibiotics.

Botox and Paralysis

Clostridium Botulinum bacteria produce neurotoxins which are Botulinum toxin A or botox. This neurotoxin is a substance that disrupts nerve tissue. The toxin can cause botulism, a condition of paralysis. People generally use Botulinum toxin or botox for aesthetic purposes.
Botulinum toxin will prevent muscles from contracting.

Botox and Wrinkles

Botox has been tested and approved to solve wrinkles problems, especially on glabellar lines, wrinkles between the eyebrows or crow’s feet, wrinkles around the eyes. The mechanism is simple. If you can not move muscles, then you can not experience wrinkles. Botox injections have an unsustainable effect, about 3-4 months.

Botox Is Not Just For Cosmetic Purposes

Patients can use botox injections to treat a chronic migraine, squinty eyes, excessive sweating, urinary incontinence and other muscle-related conditions. The effect itself is temporary, usually varying between 3-10 months depending on the condition.

See article: Things to Note After Botox Injection

Things to Note After Botox Injection.

People using botox should understand the things to note after botox injections. Women and men use botox for cosmetic purposes. Initially, doctors use botox to overcome the blinking eyes constantly uncontrolled and has the effect of reducing wrinkles. Since then people have used Botox injections for cosmetics. This is where people also have to understand things to note after botox injection.

After that began clinical trials using botox injections for beauty purposes. In 2002 the FDA approved the use of Botox for cosmetic purposes. There are two types of botox, type A and type B. But for beauty and anti-aging purposes, people use type A.

Botox is a Relatively Safe Procedure

Now people are very interested in injecting botox as antiaging and cosmetic procedures. People choose this procedure as an alternative to facelift procedures and other plastic surgery. Botox doctors do have to inject botox into the muscles that regulate facial expressions. This is a bit difficult for those who are afraid of needles. You should find the best botox doctor to perform this botox injection procedure. Doctors who handle must be experienced and experienced. If the injection, the face can become asymmetrical, the mouth becomes oblique, eyebrows too up and so on.

Botox is a relatively safe procedure. Botox injection has reversible properties or can return to its original position. The body can absorb and remove botox through body fluids in a matter of a few months.

You need to pay attention to a number of things before deciding on treatment with Botox injections. Botox injections can cause facial skin to become slightly bruised. That’s because of the injection of fine blood vessels. Side effects while injecting botox are reddish bruises. But do not worry, the bruises will heal. The blood vessels will close again.

Things to Note After Botox Injection.

There are several things to note after botox injection to avoid unwanted things.

Doctors recommend stopping taking medications or vitamins that thin the blood. These blood-thinning medications can cause recovery of blood vessels that bruise may be prolonged. Botox injection in the face requires fixation time to remain in the desired spot on the face. Botox is looking for a position to give great results to eliminate wrinkles.

Those who after botox injection should not sleep on their backs for up to three or four hours. For optimal results, they must be in a sitting position for three or four hours.

They should not massage facial skin about three hours after botox injection. This facial massage action will interrupt the fixation of botox who is looking for that position. Better not to do this facial massage for three days. In the three days that botox is looking for a position that gives results to shrivel the muscles that cause wrinkles. If you want a facial massage, it is safer to do a week after botox injection.

Patients should visit a doctor three days after botox injection. Three days after botox injection, your doctor will observe and improve so that the results are better. The face becomes symmetrical and fits the purpose.

Effects of Heat Stress on Health and How to Recognize Heat Stress.

The continuous heat in our environment can create effects of heat stress on health. In daily activities, especially exercising in open space during the day, a person can suffer the effects of heat stress on health. Heat stress can have negative effects on human health and the worst can cause death. Therefore the emergence of the effects of heat stress on health should be in red. We need heat stress prevention.

Effects of Heat Stress on Health and How to Recognize it

Here is an explanation of some of the effects of heat stress and how we recognize the symptoms.

Heat Cramps

Heat cramps or is the occurrence of cramps or spasms in the muscles due to electrolyte fluid loss. Someone who suffers from heat cramps still will not be able to recover despite drinking enough water because it can not replace salt in the body. Drinking water can dilute the liquid electrolyte in the body and facilitate the electrolyte liquid out of the body so that the electrolyte fluid levels are lower. This is what causes the muscles to suffer painful cramps.

Usually, cramps attack the leg muscles, arms, or stomach. Tired muscles will be easier to cramp. A person can suffer from cramps for an hour or more. We can prevent cramps by drinking liquids containing electrolytes or salt.

Heat Rash

Wet humid environments can cause Heat Rash. This symptom is due to the function of sweat glands suffering from disorders. Sweat cannot evaporate and stick to the skin. This gives rise to prickly heat, which is red spots on the skin and rather itchy. To avoid prickly heat, you can rest in a cool room and take a clean bath and dry the skin. If you have severe sweat then you should go to a dermatologist.

Transient Heat Fatigue

Transient heat fatigue is a temporary heat exhaustion caused by discomfort due to exposure to heat. This can cause mental or psychological tension. Transient Heat Fatigue generally affects a person susceptible to heat which interferes with performance, coordination, and alertness.

You can prevent transient heat fatigue by increasing resistance to a hot environment. You can improve endurance by gradually adjusting to the hot environment.

Heat exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is the loss of large amounts of body fluids through sweat. These symptoms are sometimes accompanied by excessive loss of electrolyte fluid. People suffering from heat exhaust are still sweating but feel tiredness, dizziness, nausea or headaches. In more serious cases, the victim may suffer the loss of consciousness, vomiting, damp skin or moist, pale or flushed. Body temperature between (37oC – 40 ° C).

Effects of Heat Stress on Health: the most severe

Heat stroke

Heat stroke is the most severe heat stress effect. The body’s thermoregulatory system is unable to maintain body temperature by sweating (stopping perspiration). Symptoms of heat stroke include rapid heartbeat, rapidly rising body temperature reaching 40 degrees C or more, heat, dry skin and looking bluish or reddish, no sweat on the victim’s body, dizziness, nausea, dizziness, mental disorders and stupor/loss of consciousness. If this happens, you should immediately remove the victim from the hot area and place it in a cold area. You should wet the victim’s body with a damp cloth to lower body temperature as first aid. We recommend that you seek medical help as soon as possible because it can result in death.

Effect of Heat Stress on Health and How To Handle It.

We can do the initial help to deal with it. The first step is to move the victim from a hot environment. If the clothes inhibit sweat, you should remove the victim’s clothes. And provide cold drinks containing electrolytes to the victim.

If the victim suffered a Heatstroke then you should immediately be taken to the hospital. The victim only has about 1 hour.

Komodo Dragon, A Dangerous Giant Lizard

Komodo is a dangerous giant lizard. Komodo is indeed an ancient animal but Komodo dragon has become one of the most effective killer animals. It’s really a dangerous giant lizard. In a small island habitat, he topped the food pyramid. Komodo looks like an amazing animal that managed to survive across the ages but at the same time a deadly figure.

Slow Predators

Komodo (Varanus komodoensis) is the largest lizard species in the world that lives on Komodo Island, Rinca Island, Flores Island, Gili Motang Island, and Gili Dasami Island in Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia.

dangerous giant lizard
dangerous giant lizard

With an adult body weight between 70 to 95 kg, dragons have a maximum flight speed of only 20 km/hour. This includes slowly for predators at the top of the food pyramid. Komodo ambush prey when they are careless.

Bite Not Strong / Weak.

Komodo dragons have a creepy shape and are known as dangerous giant lizards. However, as a predator, dragons have a bite that is not strong. Several studies have revealed that Komodo-bitten is not strong. The researchers give the meat to the dragons. They let the komodo eat it, then measure the strength of the bite. Researchers say although the Komodo dragon has a weak but very lethal bite.

Komodo becomes an ancient animal that still survives in the modern world. This reptile is thought to have lived from the time of the Early Terrarum (50-60 million years ago) along with the lifetime of dinosaurs. As a predator, dragons have small teeth. Komodo has teeth that texture like shark teeth. Teeth with a pointed triangular shape.

Komodo dragon has a function to paralyze the prey. With strong teeth and grip jaws, Komodo dragons are able to release all parts of their prey bodies and devour them one by one until they run out. Komodo dragons are not to chew because the Komodo dragon swallows its prey, like snakes or crocodiles. Komodo dragon is able to tear the skin and remove the meat of prey.

A Dangerous Giant Lizards. How Komodo Dragon Paralyzing prey??

These reptiles are often crowned as the most dangerous reptiles in the world. How to paralyze the prey is also most unique. It does not kill its prey by hunting prey like other predators. Komodo dragons have salivary capital (saliva) filled with bacteria. These bacteria reach up to 80 species.

Komodo will tear its prey with its bite and give a bloody gaping wound. Bleeding due to Komodo bite is relatively difficult to stop. A powerful Komodo dragon will have a severe bite impact. Komodo also moves the bacteria in saliva to the prey. Severe bleeding and bacterial infections cause the prey to be unsustainable. In less than a week, the prey has died. Komodo follows his prey patiently based on his sense of smell.

Komodo takes advantage of its prey. In a case, there is a tourist on Komodo Island photographing too close to the dragons. Komodo-bitten victims are like fighting against time. A little late in handling the effects of Komodo dragons can be fatal.

Heat Working Climate and Heat Stress Prevention

Workers’ health may suffer disruption due to a heat working climate. The heat working climate provides the health impact of labor in tropical or non-tropical countries. This is because the impact of a heat working climate can occur in various industrial fields such as steel casting, coal, construction, ceramic glass and so on.

A hot working climate accompanied by heavy physical work will cause heat stress. Therefore we need a way of preventing heat stress.

Heat Working Climate

The working climate is the state of the working environment as measured by the combination of air temperature (wet and dry temperature), air humidity, airflow velocity, and radiant heat with heat production from the human body due to its work. The human body always generates heat as a result of metabolic processes. The body temperature will increase if the body heat discharge process is disrupted.

Work environment with the human body is always interchangeable heat exchange. This heat exchange depends on the ambient temperature (working climate). The work climate load received by the human body causes heat stress to the worker. This is where the work environment requires the prevention of heat stress.

Heat Stress Prevention

There is a significant difference in blood pressure increase in labor before and after exposure to heat. In addition to the blood pressure and pulse response, the thermoregulatory system in the brain (hypothalamus) responds with several control mechanisms such as conduction, convection, radiation, and evaporation in order to maintain body temperature at 36-37 degrees C. However, if exposure is left continuously will cause fatigue and will cause the control mechanism not to work anymore. And in the end, will cause the emergence of heat stress effects.

To assess the importance of heat stress prevention, take a look at the chronology below.

A person wearing protective clothing and doing heavy work in hot and humid conditions may be at risk of heat stress because:

Evaporation of sweat is limited by the type of clothing and environmental moisture.

Heat will be produced in the body, and if the heat is not lost, the body temperature will increase thereby increasing the amount of sweat produced, which can lead to dehydration.

Heart rate also increases that puts an additional burden on the body.

If the body is getting more heat than it can decrease, then the body temperature inside will continue to increase. It finally reaches the point when the body’s own control mechanism starts to fail.

The symptoms will worsen again they keep working under the same conditions.

What are the Symptoms of Heat Stress? Assess the Importance of Heat Stress Prevention

Heat stress can affect individuals in different ways, and some people are more vulnerable to it than others. Typical symptoms are:

Inability to concentrate,
Muscle cramp,
Heat Rash,
Heavens are heavy – the final symptom of heat stress,
Heat exhaustion – fatigue, dizziness, nausea, headache, damp skin.

A comfortable workplace is one of the factors that support the emergence of morale. A hot and humid working environment will reduce work productivity and bring negative impacts on worker safety and health.

Bedbugs Extermination and How to Get Rid of Bedbugs from Your Home

We will find difficulties in bedbugs extermination at home. This is because, in the bedbugs extermination, we must know the existence of the location of his life. Bedbugs with small bodies have large living areas. I can find bedbugs in my bed and also can find a find bedbugs in the kitchen. This is what worries if the bedbugs have spread at home. Therefore we must do the bedbugs extermination and repel the bedbugs from the house.

bedbugs extermination
bedbugs extermination

Bedbugs can attack anyone. You will be easier to handle if it detects from the beginning. Bedbugs can also be carried by any member of your family or guests in your home. You can carry bedbugs accidentally after traveling. You can even find bedbugs in the books you borrow.

Bedbugs Extermination and How to Expel Bedbugs

Soak and wash the sleeping equipment.

You should wash the sheets, mattress,  bedcover, nightgown, and others in water with a temperature of approximately 50 degrees Celsius. Then dry the items with a heat-setting temperature for 30 minutes to disinfect the insects and their larval larvae.

Cleaning the furniture in the bedroom.

You should clean and wash the bedroom furniture that may be infested with bedbugs. Beware of carpets, between beds, wall hangings, and cracks in the walls. A vacuum cleaner can be used to suck the bedbugs in the area. You should be careful when you want to remove the contents of a vacuum cleaner bag. If your mattress is overdone full of bedbugs, it’s good to be replaced with a new one.

Dismantle and Clean the Home Furniture.

The living room sofa, the patio chair, the kitchen dining chair can be the entrance of the bedbug. You can remove parts of the furniture and clean the corners. You can clean the Sofa with fabric with anti-bacterial cleanser.

Cleaning the library shelves and your books can also lower the population of bedbugs. The books you borrow or buy can be a means of carrying bedbugs from outside the home. The situation becomes more severe when the library space together with your bedroom.

Continue to observe regularly the possibility of the return of bedbugs and clean up some areas that are detected there is bedbugs. You may need professional help with bed bugs if the bedbugs often reappear.

How to Find Bed Bugs at Home

You will find it difficult to find bed bugs at home. Bed bugs can last long without eating so it will be difficult to find bed bugs at home. They occupy the mattress, curtain, sofa, furniture, wallpaper and so on. How can we get rid of bed bugs if it’s hard to find bed bugs at home? To find bed bugs at home, you should recognize the characteristics of bed bugs, know the bite marks of bed bugs and be aware of the presence of bed bugs in your home.

Find Bed Bugs at Home – Recognize Characteristics of Bedbugs

Bed bugs or Cimex rotundanus has a reddish-brown color. They have a flat body and as an adult about half a centimeter. They occupy a radius of about 3 to 6 meters from the bed or seat. Bedbugs slipped not far from their food sources. They do not fly or jump but crawl quickly and are very clever to hide.

find bed bugs at home
find bed bugs at home

Bed bugs are blood-sucking vermin. They usually bite when their victims sleep. However, most people do not feel the bite because the bed bugs inject an anesthetic fluid that allows them to suck blood freely. Bed bugs can survive even once a week. Bed bugs do not like dirty areas and dust. They prefer warm places, human blood, and lots of carbon dioxide.

Find Bed Bugs at Home – Know the Bitten Marks Bedbugs

Bed bugs are not dangerous, the bites only cause itching. Mattress flea bites can cause an allergic reaction to the human skin. Unlike mosquitoes, bed fleas do not spread infectious diseases. Their bites can cause many people to be emotionally depressed. Bedbound victims can experience insomnia, shyness, and feel an uncomfortable sensation.

There is a special impact which is a feature that we have been bitten by bamboo, namely:

The bitten area becomes red, and the center is dark red.
The bitten area becomes itchy.
You will see the bite area as a straight line if many bells bite you.

If your condition is normal then the bite of this mattress ticks only cause skin redness and itching.

But if there is an allergy, the bite of this mattress will result in itching that accompanied the skin into bubbles or blisters.

Find Bed Bugs at Home – Be Aware of Its Existence

Bedbugs have small body size so that adult age, larvae and eggs are difficult to detect. What are the signs that in your home there is a bedbug?

You can check the mattress, mattress frame, and around the bed area to detect the presence of bed bugs. You should look more closely if there is a brown larvae shell.

If you see some blood spot on the sheets. This incident arises because when sleeping your body limbs so that the mattress ticks off.

You smell the musty aroma that is commonly caused by adult bedbugs.

If you see black dots / little black dirt along the mattress, furniture, or shirt. This little black spot is the dirt from the bed bug.