How to Increase Fish Harvest with a Red Water System

Fish farmers always want a good yield, one way to increase fish harvest with a red water system. We named the red water system because of the appearance of the color of the water of a reddish fish pond. Besides increasing fish harvest with a red water system, it turns out that this system is able to overcome some of the problems faced by fish farmers. Therefore this system is very useful in fish farming.

The red water system is a system of fish farming by utilizing the functions of positive microbes. These microbes will cause the color of the pool water to be reddish. In narrow ponds or cultured stocked seed systems, it will require good water quality. Here fish farmers can increase fish yields with a red water system. Cultivation of stocked solid fish is a method of fish farming with a number of fish seeds that are denser than the recommended amount. You can use a red water system in stocking solid fish to solve the problem of small ponds or to pursue maximum results.

These microbes will maintain water quality, so it does not require much time to control the quality of fish pond water. This condition is very beneficial for those who want side jobs as fish farmers. They only spend a little time but can increase fish harvest with a red water system. This means that they will also increase the welfare of their families. Another positive effect is to utilize fish ponds in areas with limited water availability. Ponds with minimal water are also very suitable to use the red water system in fish farming.

Pond Conditions to Increase Fish Harvest Results with a Red Water System

Increasing the yield of fish with a red water system is different from conventional systems or other systems related to efforts to utilize positive microbes. If you use the red water system it will change the color of the pool water to red. Another cultivation system will prevent pool water from changing color, keeping the pool water clear. This system actually has the opposite behavior. Pond water will gradually go through several color change processes. This system will change the pool water from day to day from clear water, green, brown and finally red. The color of the pool water becomes reddish, it actually indicates the presence of active microbes in the pond. Red water is a sign that pond water is very healthy for fish. Fish manure is a food source for the Lactobacillus and Sakaromises bacteria. You only need to be aware of the condition of the fish ponds that are black.

Handling fish ponds with a Red Water System

You will more easily handle a fish pond with a red water system. This is because you do not need to replace water in a short period of time. You can partially replace water to maintain microbial growth. Like handling a pool in general, you also need some air aeration points for fish health functions and to stir Lactobacillus and Sakaromises bacteria at the bottom of the pond.

Fish farmers can provide fish feed according to the provisions recommended for each type of fish. But farmers should feed fish by considering the effects of flatulence on fish. You can give special treatment to fish feed to improve feed efficiency and prevent negative effects on fish.

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Red Water System in Fish Farming.

Red Water System in Fish Farming.

We can choose various methods for fish farming, one of which is by using a Red Water System in fish farming. You can use a red water system in dense fish farming to solve the problem of small ponds. Red water system is a system of fish farming by utilizing the functions of positive microbes. Cultivation of dense fish is a method of fish farming with a number of fish seeds that are denser than the recommended amount.

Those of you who don’t have much free time is very suitable to apply the red water system in fish farming. This red water technique system is perfect for those of you who have other main jobs. This technique only requires a little time to treat pool water. Ponds with minimal water are also very suitable using this Red water system in fish farming (RSW).

Water Color Change Process at Red Water System in Fish Farming

When we apply the red water system it will change the color of the pool water to red. Before it becomes red, the pool water will gradually go through several discoloration processes. This system will change the pool water from day to day from clear water, green, brown and finally red. If the color of the pool water changes, it means that there is a change in the active microbes in the pond. Red water indicates that it is very healthy for fish. Fish manure is a food source for the Lactobacillus and Sakaromises bacteria.

This color process requires direct sunlight. If the color process of the pool water becomes black then this process fails. You should replace the water with a new one and repeat it from the beginning. This color gradation process shows success only if the final result of the pool water is red.

You should install 2 or 4 air aeration points (according to the pool diameter). This has the purpose of stirring the Lactobacillus and Sakaromises bacteria in the bottom of the pond. These bacteria must be evenly distributed in all pool areas. If these bacteria are evenly distributed then the pool water quality will be maintained even without the replacement of water.

The advantages of this Red water system if successful.

The advantages of this system are:

1. We do not need to replace water during the cultivation process.

2. Fish ponds do not require special care.

3. We save more food because the real purpose of this system is to convert manure into a new feed source.

4. We can harvest more fish.

5. The pH of the pool water is relatively normal pH 7

6. Cultivation does not require a lot of time and thought, so you can work looking for additional income.

Giving Fish Feed.

Fish farmers should feed pellets mixed with probiotic solutions. Or farmers should soak fish feed with warm water and then dry it out. After the pellet expands it can be given to fish seedlings. One of the causes of mackerel seeds is the provision of pellets that are less tender, the pellets expand in the belly of the fish and cause injury to the intestine which ultimately causes the death of fish seeds.

You can feed fish according to the weight of the fish. Therefore the dose of fish feed and the frequency of feeding will also always adjust. The more the fish age, the feeding can also be reduced by the percentage and frequency. You should adjust to the type of fish you want to increase.

Organic Fertilizer on Tropical Agriculture Land Unsuccessful. Why?

The tropical agricultural land is capable of harvesting throughout the year, but farmers face the problem that organic fertilizer on tropical agricultural land unsuccessful. Farmlands in the wet tropical area mostly have low soil organic C content. In intensive farming areas generally, have a low soil fertility due to the thickness of the thin layer of soil. Therefore, it is necessary to cultivate organic material, but farmers bumped into the constraints of organic fertilizer on tropical agricultural land unsuccessful.

organic fertilizer on tropical agricultural
organic fertilizer on tropical agricultural

Farmers would expect the fertilization of organic matter on agricultural land would increase crop yields. Farmers add organic materials derived from manure or compost. The organic material will pass through the decomposition process. The process of decomposition of this organic material will produce nutrients for plants, especially in developing organic farming.

Continue reading “Organic Fertilizer on Tropical Agriculture Land Unsuccessful. Why?”

Agriculture Uses sloping critical land | How to solve?

Farmers will become more difficult if agriculture uses sloping critical land. The earth’s surface span can be either flat or corrugated fields. The hilly topography of the land will cause agriculture to be carried out on hilly terrain. The area on the slopes of this hill has a varied slope. Agriculture on the slopes is the one that faces the problem. Sloping land often turns into critical land (you can read the previous article as a reference: Dry and critical land).

Agriculture uses sloping critical land requires more complex treatment. Generally agriculture uses fertile and flat land. Farming using sloping critical land requires proper management.

sloping critical land
sloping critical land

Why is critical land happening on the sloping ground?

On sloping land often turns into a critical agricultural land for several reasons, including:
First, the destruction of the soil by the blow of rain and the strength of the water current.
Rainwater when it falls directly on the soil surface damages the bonding between soil particles. The next effect, the topsoil will be washed away by the flow of water.
Second, low absorption of groundwater and surface runoff that damage the soil.
Dense and hard soil causes surface water difficult to enter. Water will flow at the surface of the soil causing the destructive force of the soil.

How to handle agriculture using sloping critical land?


The slope of the land can affect the degree of damage to the critical land. The planters manage critical land can apply the rules of soil conservation. The conservation of this land has the following objectives:
Improving and maintaining soil conditions in order to withstand the destruction of the soil by the blow of raindrops and the strength of the flow of water.
Closing the soil surface to be protected from destructive power or rainwater blows.
Enhance soil absorption and regulate the flow of the surface to flow with a non-destructive force.

Planters must take into account the slope of agricultural land it has. On a critical land that has a too sharp slope need the right method. One of the efficient and effective methods of managing critical land at the farm level is the method of making terraces and trenches following contour lines.
This method is done by strengthening the edge of the terrace On the edge of the terraces is reinforced with obstacles or planting annual crops, especially leguminous trees.

The contour terrace is a ridged cross-sectional terrace that follows the contour line. This contour terrace is suitable to be practiced on farms with a slope of 10% -50%.

Contour Terrace on Agriculture uses Sloping Critical Land

The stages of the activities to create a contour terrace is done by using manual tools and digital tools.
1. Determining the location of the beginning terrace.
2. Determining the contour lines.
3. Determining the contour lines next.
4. Determine the distance of the contour line.
5. Making the terrace.

Farmers set the lines and contour spots throughout the agricultural land area first, then continued to make the terrace.

On land with a slope of 10% -50% ideal is a contour terrace, mound terrace, or stone terrace. If the land is very steep so it is difficult to dig the soil, then made retaining terrace (from the log).

Farmers are relatively easier to make this contour terrace compared to other methods. Although this way to deal with agricultural issues with critical land but can to deal with agriculture with fertile land. On fertile farmland, farmers can create terraces to prevent physical damage to the soil resulting in a decrease in soil productivity.

Agricultural Land Changes to Critical Land

Agricultural land can change to critical land. Knowledge of change to critical land is used to support the cultivation of plants in our garden.

We will encounter greater obstacles when meeting this critical land than fertile land. How is agricultural land change to critical land? How did the critical land occur? In essence, the change to critical land occurs due to the continuous decline in land productivity. The decrease in soil productivity is caused by decreased soil fertility.

Causes of Agricultural Land Changes to Critical Land

There are several factors that cause the conversion of agricultural land into a critical land. The factors causing the change to become the critical land are among others :

Farmers continue to cultivate agricultural land without proper crop management, soil and water.

In some countries, critical land occurs due to shifting cultivation systems accompanied by logging and burning of land.

The practices of agricultural systems that do not take into account the concepts and efforts of soil conservation.

Critical land can occur due to natural disasters, such as field or forest fires, and floods.

change to critical land
change to critical land

The critical land is essentially land where the physical, chemical, and biological conditions of the soil are not productive in terms of agriculture. The critical land is mostly caused by physical damage to the soil. The physical damage to the soil is mainly due to the loss of topsoil which is fertile due to erosion. Such land leads to unproductive farming.

Another impact of erosion hazard is the destruction of the hydrological functions of agricultural land, the silting of rivers, reservoirs, dams, waterways, and environmental pollution.

Critical land faces two main issues.

Critical land facing problems encompasses two points of interest.

How to repair/rehabilitate degraded land becomes productive land.

How to prevent the rehabilitated lands from the physical damage of the land based on the geographical location of the land.

We need to consider in terms of cost and technicality to rehabilitate or prevent the emergence of critical land. Difficulties that are too great in dealing with critical land will burden our farming cultivation.

See: Dry and Critical Land

Eliminate Body Odor with Herbs

Many people have a problem with the smell of sweat so sharp that it often interfere with work relationships. Sharp body odor often causes a person’s confidence to fall. The appearance of various scents and perfumes is very helpful to those who have body odor problems. Perfume aroma of the manufacturer is very diverse ranging from flowers, fruits, tobacco, synthetic to a mixture of various scents. Some perfumes have a sensual aroma of passion and fantasy.

body odor
body odor

The existence of these various perfume products make the problem of sharp body odor becomes less important or even forgotten. Dependence on this perfume will be a very big disaster if you lose perfume for example. You will be surrounded by anxiety associated with perfume, for example, out of stock, lost in the street, forgot not to wear. Body odor can not really be removed just like that with perfume, like a perfume only serves as an umbrella.

Eliminate Body Odor with Medicinal Herbal

To get rid of body odor with herbs can be done as follows.

Take the ylang flower as much as 2 handfuls add temugiring that has been peeled as much as one handful. Both of these materials are finely ground and stirred evenly. The shape becomes a small grain the size of pill medicine or capsule. The concoction of herbal medicine that you have form the small granules then dried. You can dry by way of drying in the sun or using the oven. At the time of drying you should keep the cleanliness and the level of heat to the material. You can keep it in a jar or closed medicine container, and keep it for a few days. Medicinal herbs taken or eaten with bananas every morning and afternoon as much as one pill.

There are other herbs that are easier to do. This herb utilize leaves beluntas and basil leaves. You should eat more often these two types of herbal ingredients. The way of processing to become an herbal medicine according to your taste. You may mix it with other foodstuffs or make it like a juice. You may eat fresh leaves or cook them first. If you are unfamiliar with the smell and flavor of the leaves, you should mix with other foods. You can ask friends help to mix into a recipe that suits your taste.

Make Organic Fertilizer Using Lumbricus.

You can make organic fertilizer by utilizing kitchen waste. There is an easy way to make organic fertilizer for small scale. You can utilize the results of making organic fertilizer for your own garden needs. So by making organic fertilizer, the problem of kitchen waste is complete and you get fertilizer for the garden.

One method of making compost from organic material is by utilizing earthworm mainly from Lumbricus rubellus type. This method is more effective than the compost method in general that relies solely on the activity of bacterial decomposers. In a worm composting system, bacteria decomposers that are aerobic bacteria remain active to decompose waste. Fresh organic waste and the resultant bacteria will be digested by earthworms.

Making Organic Fertilizer from Kitchen Waste

For the manufacture of household scale fertilizer, we need equipment and materials needed.
Lumbricus rubellus worms.
Compost containers are wooden / plastic / cement boxes.
Waste organic waste kitchen, soil for bedding.
Sieve.
Trash cutter.

We use the earthworm type Lumbricus rubellus because it is able to live in a dense population. Lumbricus did not dig deep into the ground. This Lumbricus worm is a relatively gluttonous worm.

Organic materials used in the process of making this vermicompost is organic waste. Organic waste in the form of kitchen scraps, garden waste leaves, livestock manure, grass cuts and others. These types of organic waste will determine the speed of composting. Earthworms will more quickly process organic waste than organic fibrous waste. Organic trash fibrous such as coconut husk, banana stem. Before using high-fiber organic waste, you should first soak it. After that, you can enumerate high-fiber organic trashes. You can arrange rings between fibrous material and soft materials.

Compost containers with size 1 x 1 x 0.3 meters can accommodate about 20-40 kg of media depending on the type and composition of media used. You can fill the compost media with 1000-1500 worms. The more worms that enter the box will accelerate the process. The important thing to get attention is to keep the media moist. You should keep the humidity about 40% – 50%.  Set pH between 6.3 to 7.5.

You should keep the ambient temperature and the media about 20-30 degrees Celsius. When placed outdoors should be kept from the extreme temperatures of winter and summer. Protect the roof from exposure to direct sun or rain that affects the humidity and temperature of the media.

Harvest from Making Organic Fertilizer

Let the worms eat the compost material into small grains. You can manually harvest vermicompos. You can spill the contents of the compost container and leave about 30 minutes. The worms will move to the base of the mound to avoid sunlight. You can take vermikompos from the top of the mound. Next you move the worm to a new media that has been prepared before.

Vermicompost obtained in dry. You can sift the media to nettle cocoons and young worms. Young worms and cocoons are inserted into new media. The dried vermicompost is ready for fertilization.

Ginger Antioxidant Not Just Available in Rhizome. So where is it?

People use ginger for cooking herbs, natural medicine herbs and healthy drinks because of the content of ginger antioxidant. Ginger Antioxidant is more popular in the search because it is relatively easy and natural. Ginger antioxidants are generally derived from ginger rhizomes.

The eastern countries already know ginger mainly use for heated drinks. The ginger drink has a delicious and refreshing flavor. Drink ginger is able to warm the body has a property as an herbal medicine. In general, the blend of drinks using the tuber or rhizomes. Consumers are also easier to save the ginger rhizome.

Ginger antioxidant
Ginger antioxidant

Ginger plants are known by the community and used for herbal purposes, drinks or recipes there are 3 types.

Small yellow ginger or ginger sunti

Ginger has a small segment, slightly flat to slightly bulging. This ginger rhizome contains a greater oil atsiri so it feels more spicy.

Red ginger.

The rhinoceros is red and contains a large volatile oil.

Large yellow ginger or elephant ginger

Ginger has a large rhizome and fat, rhizome segment more bulging than the other two varieties. The essential content is smaller.

Ginger Antioxidant Contents in Leaf

People generally use the ginger rhizome and dispose of other plant parts. Actually ginger leaves also have a distinctive aroma that is similar to the rhizome.

Does ginger leaf have the same benefits as the rhizome?

We can do the distillation of ginger leaves to get the essentials as well as the ginger rhizomes. Antioxidants can be known from the essential oils in the leaf bladder. The plant produces Essential Oils as a result of its secondary metabolism. This oil has volatile properties at room temperature. Essential oils have a bitter taste, and smells fragrant in accordance with the smell of the plant producer. Essential oils have biological capabilities such as being antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti cancer, and neutralizing toxins.

From the test results to the isolation of essential oils of this ginger leaves indicate that ginger leaves have antioxidant capacity. Ginger leaves have an antioxidant capacity of 0.66 grams equivalent of ascorbic acid (AEAC) / 100 grams of essential oil. However, the antioxidant capacity of leaf ginger is relatively small when compared with other Zingiberaceae family. The largest antioxidant capacity in the Zingiberaceae family is owned by the Black Gather (Curcuma aeruginosa).

The content of water in ginger leaves is relatively high about 80%, equivalent to the plants in the Zingiberaceae family. Ginger content of ginger leaf oil is about 0.08%. The smallest oil content is owned by the galangal leaf.

Choose Chicken or Quail Livestock?

You can choose chicken or quail livestock to get side income. Garden side or back of the house can be used for chicken  or quail livestock. Choosing chicken  or quail livestock is not a sure choice, but when time, money and land are limited, you should choose one only.

A livestock business is a combination of long links, where the links between the links are mutually supportive. As an illustration, you want to increase the productivity of quail so the quality of feeding should be supported by genetic Day Old Quail (DOQ) quality. You want to increase the productivity of livestock should pay attention to the sanitary cattle shed too.

quail livestock
quail livestock

This small-bodied animal is only slightly larger than an adult’s fist and weighs no more than 150 grams per head. Although small-bodied, quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) has great potential in producing eggs and meat. You can note the following description.

Choose Quail Livestock

A chicken takes more than 6 months to start laying eggs. Chicken takes longer, while the quail begins to lay eggs 41 days.

A chicken weighing about 2 kg produces an egg weighing between 60-80 grams or 4 percent of its weight. Quail is able to produce eggs weighing 10 grams or nearly 7 percent weight.

In many places the price of chicken eggs consumption per kilogram is lower than the quail eggs.

Broiler chickens have the ability to produce about 325 eggs per year, slightly higher than the quail of 300 grains per year. Domestic chicken is much smaller only the production of about 150 eggs per year.

Quails need smaller cages and spaces to produce than chickens. Cage quail can be arranged piled up as well, but should pay more attention to sanitary cages.

The demand for feed is less than chicken, so the capital requirement to run the business becomes lower. This situation should appeal many breeders because it can be for main business purposes or side business.

The size of quail eggs is smaller than chicken eggs, but the use in recipes are relatively large. A recipe from the East that you can try “Quail Eggs Satay with Sesame Sauce”.

With the above illustration, quail farms become very relevant for entrepreneurs who have limited capital. Small capital but high production capability indicates a lucrative profit.

Pharmacological Effects of Gods Leaves.

Some time ago we began to get acquainted with the god leaves. In that case we use the god Leaves for the stung scorpion treatment. Actually The other benefits of this god leaves are many. And the use of God’s Leaf is also relatively easy. The god’s leaf (Gynura pseudo-china DC.) Has a synonym of G. divaricata DC., G. ovalis DC., Senecio divarigata L. In many areas the god leaves have many names among others on Sumatra island known as beluntas or in some places in Malay is known as the kio tigel.

How to use Gods Leaves.

god Leaves
god Leaves

Herbs as much as 10-15 grams on the stew and then after a cold drink. Tuber as much as 6-9 grams of boiled and then drunk. For external use, Herbs and Tubers in milled smooth and in the form of pasta. Paste it into the affected part of the body or experience the swelling.

Use of this herb can be eaten or placed on the outside of the sick. Some pharmacological effects that we can use as a reference as below.

Infusion of the leaves of the gods as much as 8 ml/kg BW with concentrations of 5%, 10%, and 15% b / v orally on guinea pigs that made fever can provide the antipyretic effect. The comparator used in this case is paracetamol.

Giving orally infusions of 10% god leaves with a dose of 1 g / kg bb in rabbit given oral glucose at a dose of 1.75 g / kg bb can lower the glucose level of virgin by 71.06%. As a comparison, in this case, is Glipzide.

Infusion of the leaves of the gods with doses of 12.5 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg and 200 mg/kg bw administered intravenously in adult white rat Wistar Galina can lower arterial blood pressure. At a dose of 50 mg/kg bb, infusion of the god leaves does not inhibit the increase in blood pressure caused by adrenaline and non-adrenaline. These hypotensive effects are not influenced by yohimbine (alpha adrenolytic), isoprenaline (sympathomimetic amines acting on beta 1 and beta 2 receptors), and acetylcholine (parasymatomimetics). Hypotensive activity may also inhibit the effects of thyramine and ephedrine.

Allegedly infusions of god leaves inhibit the working of sympathomimetic drugs that work indirectly.