Agriculture Uses sloping critical land | How to solve?

Farmers will become more difficult if agriculture uses sloping critical land. The earth’s surface span can be either flat or corrugated fields. The hilly topography of the land will cause agriculture to be carried out on hilly terrain. The area on the slopes of this hill has a varied slope. Agriculture on the slopes is the one that faces the problem. Sloping land often turns into critical land (you can read the previous article as a reference: Dry and critical land).

Agriculture uses sloping critical land requires more complex treatment. Generally agriculture uses fertile and flat land. Farming using sloping critical land requires proper management.

sloping critical land
sloping critical land

Why is critical land happening on the sloping ground?

On sloping land often turns into a critical agricultural land for several reasons, including:
First, the destruction of the soil by the blow of rain and the strength of the water current.
Rainwater when it falls directly on the soil surface damages the bonding between soil particles. The next effect, the topsoil will be washed away by the flow of water.
Second, low absorption of groundwater and surface runoff that damage the soil.
Dense and hard soil causes surface water difficult to enter. Water will flow at the surface of the soil causing the destructive force of the soil.

How to handle agriculture using sloping critical land?


The slope of the land can affect the degree of damage to the critical land. The planters manage critical land can apply the rules of soil conservation. The conservation of this land has the following objectives:
Improving and maintaining soil conditions in order to withstand the destruction of the soil by the blow of raindrops and the strength of the flow of water.
Closing the soil surface to be protected from destructive power or rainwater blows.
Enhance soil absorption and regulate the flow of the surface to flow with a non-destructive force.

Planters must take into account the slope of agricultural land it has. On a critical land that has a too sharp slope need the right method. One of the efficient and effective methods of managing critical land at the farm level is the method of making terraces and trenches following contour lines.
This method is done by strengthening the edge of the terrace On the edge of the terraces is reinforced with obstacles or planting annual crops, especially leguminous trees.

The contour terrace is a ridged cross-sectional terrace that follows the contour line. This contour terrace is suitable to be practiced on farms with a slope of 10% -50%.

Contour Terrace on Agriculture uses Sloping Critical Land

The stages of the activities to create a contour terrace is done by using manual tools and digital tools.
1. Determining the location of the beginning terrace.
2. Determining the contour lines.
3. Determining the contour lines next.
4. Determine the distance of the contour line.
5. Making the terrace.

Farmers set the lines and contour spots throughout the agricultural land area first, then continued to make the terrace.

On land with a slope of 10% -50% ideal is a contour terrace, mound terrace, or stone terrace. If the land is very steep so it is difficult to dig the soil, then made retaining terrace (from the log).

Farmers are relatively easier to make this contour terrace compared to other methods. Although this way to deal with agricultural issues with critical land but can to deal with agriculture with fertile land. On fertile farmland, farmers can create terraces to prevent physical damage to the soil resulting in a decrease in soil productivity.

Agricultural Land Changes to Critical Land

Agricultural land can change to critical land. Knowledge of change to critical land is used to support the cultivation of plants in our garden.

We will encounter greater obstacles when meeting this critical land than fertile land. How is agricultural land change to critical land? How did the critical land occur? In essence, the change to critical land occurs due to the continuous decline in land productivity. The decrease in soil productivity is caused by decreased soil fertility.

Causes of Agricultural Land Changes to Critical Land

There are several factors that cause the conversion of agricultural land into a critical land. The factors causing the change to become the critical land are among others :

Farmers continue to cultivate agricultural land without proper crop management, soil and water.

In some countries, critical land occurs due to shifting cultivation systems accompanied by logging and burning of land.

The practices of agricultural systems that do not take into account the concepts and efforts of soil conservation.

Critical land can occur due to natural disasters, such as field or forest fires, and floods.

change to critical land
change to critical land

The critical land is essentially land where the physical, chemical, and biological conditions of the soil are not productive in terms of agriculture. The critical land is mostly caused by physical damage to the soil. The physical damage to the soil is mainly due to the loss of topsoil which is fertile due to erosion. Such land leads to unproductive farming.

Another impact of erosion hazard is the destruction of the hydrological functions of agricultural land, the silting of rivers, reservoirs, dams, waterways, and environmental pollution.

Critical land faces two main issues.

Critical land facing problems encompasses two points of interest.

How to repair/rehabilitate degraded land becomes productive land.

How to prevent the rehabilitated lands from the physical damage of the land based on the geographical location of the land.

We need to consider in terms of cost and technicality to rehabilitate or prevent the emergence of critical land. Difficulties that are too great in dealing with critical land will burden our farming cultivation.

See: Dry and Critical Land

Eliminate Body Odor with Herbs

Many people have a problem with the smell of sweat so sharp that it often interfere with work relationships. Sharp body odor often causes a person’s confidence to fall. The appearance of various scents and perfumes is very helpful to those who have body odor problems. Perfume aroma of the manufacturer is very diverse ranging from flowers, fruits, tobacco, synthetic to a mixture of various scents. Some perfumes have a sensual aroma of passion and fantasy.

body odor
body odor

The existence of these various perfume products make the problem of sharp body odor becomes less important or even forgotten. Dependence on this perfume will be a very big disaster if you lose perfume for example. You will be surrounded by anxiety associated with perfume, for example, out of stock, lost in the street, forgot not to wear. Body odor can not really be removed just like that with perfume, like a perfume only serves as an umbrella.

Eliminate Body Odor with Medicinal Herbal

To get rid of body odor with herbs can be done as follows.

Take the ylang flower as much as 2 handfuls add temugiring that has been peeled as much as one handful. Both of these materials are finely ground and stirred evenly. The shape becomes a small grain the size of pill medicine or capsule. The concoction of herbal medicine that you have form the small granules then dried. You can dry by way of drying in the sun or using the oven. At the time of drying you should keep the cleanliness and the level of heat to the material. You can keep it in a jar or closed medicine container, and keep it for a few days. Medicinal herbs taken or eaten with bananas every morning and afternoon as much as one pill.

There are other herbs that are easier to do. This herb utilize leaves beluntas and basil leaves. You should eat more often these two types of herbal ingredients. The way of processing to become an herbal medicine according to your taste. You may mix it with other foodstuffs or make it like a juice. You may eat fresh leaves or cook them first. If you are unfamiliar with the smell and flavor of the leaves, you should mix with other foods. You can ask friends help to mix into a recipe that suits your taste.

Make Organic Fertilizer Using Lumbricus.

You can make organic fertilizer by utilizing kitchen waste. There is an easy way to make organic fertilizer for small scale. You can utilize the results of making organic fertilizer for your own garden needs. So by making organic fertilizer, the problem of kitchen waste is complete and you get fertilizer for the garden.

One method of making compost from organic material is by utilizing earthworm mainly from Lumbricus rubellus type. This method is more effective than the compost method in general that relies solely on the activity of bacterial decomposers. In a worm composting system, bacteria decomposers that are aerobic bacteria remain active to decompose waste. Fresh organic waste and the resultant bacteria will be digested by earthworms.

Making Organic Fertilizer from Kitchen Waste

For the manufacture of household scale fertilizer, we need equipment and materials needed.
Lumbricus rubellus worms.
Compost containers are wooden / plastic / cement boxes.
Waste organic waste kitchen, soil for bedding.
Sieve.
Trash cutter.

We use the earthworm type Lumbricus rubellus because it is able to live in a dense population. Lumbricus did not dig deep into the ground. This Lumbricus worm is a relatively gluttonous worm.

Organic materials used in the process of making this vermicompost is organic waste. Organic waste in the form of kitchen scraps, garden waste leaves, livestock manure, grass cuts and others. These types of organic waste will determine the speed of composting. Earthworms will more quickly process organic waste than organic fibrous waste. Organic trash fibrous such as coconut husk, banana stem. Before using high-fiber organic waste, you should first soak it. After that, you can enumerate high-fiber organic trashes. You can arrange rings between fibrous material and soft materials.

Compost containers with size 1 x 1 x 0.3 meters can accommodate about 20-40 kg of media depending on the type and composition of media used. You can fill the compost media with 1000-1500 worms. The more worms that enter the box will accelerate the process. The important thing to get attention is to keep the media moist. You should keep the humidity about 40% – 50%.  Set pH between 6.3 to 7.5.

You should keep the ambient temperature and the media about 20-30 degrees Celsius. When placed outdoors should be kept from the extreme temperatures of winter and summer. Protect the roof from exposure to direct sun or rain that affects the humidity and temperature of the media.

Harvest from Making Organic Fertilizer

Let the worms eat the compost material into small grains. You can manually harvest vermicompos. You can spill the contents of the compost container and leave about 30 minutes. The worms will move to the base of the mound to avoid sunlight. You can take vermikompos from the top of the mound. Next you move the worm to a new media that has been prepared before.

Vermicompost obtained in dry. You can sift the media to nettle cocoons and young worms. Young worms and cocoons are inserted into new media. The dried vermicompost is ready for fertilization.

Ginger Antioxidant is Not Only Found in Rhizomes. So Where is It?

People use ginger for spices, natural herbal medicines, and healthy drinks. One reason people like ginger is because of the antioxidant content of ginger. Antioxidant ginger is more popular because people get ginger relatively easily. Generally, people use Ginger Antioxidants sourced from the ginger rhizome.

Eastern countries have known ginger for a long time. They often use it for warm drinks during the rainy season. Ginger drinks have a delicious, warm and refreshing flavor. In addition, ginger drink efficacy as herbal medicine. In general, they mix drinks using tubers or rhizomes. They are also easier to carry and store the ginger rhizome.

Ginger antioxidant
Ginger antioxidant

Easterners know some types of ginger. They can buy in traditional markets, supermarkets, or plant themselves in the garden. The types of ginger include:

Small Yellow Ginger.

This ginger has small segments, rather flat to slightly bulging. This ginger rhizome contains more essential oil so that it tastes spicier.

Red ginger.

The rhizome is red and has a large essential oil content.

Big Yellow Ginger or Elephant Ginger

This ginger has large and fat rhizomes. The ginger rhizome segment is more bulging than the other two varieties. This ginger has a smaller volatile content.

The content of Ginger Essential Oil.

Generally, people generally use ginger rhizomes and dispose of other plant parts. Actually, ginger leaves also have a distinctive aroma that is similar to the rhizome. Does ginger leaves have the same benefits as the rhizome?

Actually, we can test the antioxidant content of ginger in other parts of the plant. One of them, we can try on ginger leaves. We can distill ginger leaves to get essential oils as well as ginger rhizomes. After we get the essential oil, then we can analyze the volatile. We can find out the antioxidant levels of ginger from essential oils.

Actually, we use a lot of plant essential oils. Many plants have essential oils. People refer to essential oils with aetheric oil, essential oil or aromatic oil. Essential oil is a vegetable oil that has a liquid form. This oil easily evaporates at room temperature. This oil has a distinctive aroma. Generally, people use it as a natural perfume or liniment.

Plants produce essential oils as a result of their secondary metabolism. Essential oils have a bitter taste and smell nice according to the smell of the producing plants. Essential oils have biological abilities such as being antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-tumor and neutralizing toxins.

Antioxidant Content of Ginger in Leaves

We can distill ginger leaves to get essential oils. After we get the essential oil, then we can analyze the volatile. We need to test the isolation of essential oils that have been obtained earlier. Well, then we can see the results of the test whether it has the antioxidant capacity or not.

From the results of this test on the isolation of ginger leaf essential oil, it shows that ginger leaves have antioxidant capacity. Ginger leaves have an antioxidant capacity of 0.66 grams equivalent of ascorbic acid (AEAC) / 100 grams of essential oil. This shows that ginger leaves can also be used for antioxidants. However, ginger leaves have a relatively small antioxidant capacity when compared to other Zingiberaceae families.

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Causes and Treatment of High Cholesterol,
Herbs for Breastfeeding Mothers | Streamlining Mother’s Milk

Choose Chicken or Quail Livestock?

You can choose chicken or quail livestock to get side income. Garden side or back of the house can be used for chicken  or quail livestock. Choosing chicken  or quail livestock is not a sure choice, but when time, money and land are limited, you should choose one only.

A livestock business is a combination of long links, where the links between the links are mutually supportive. As an illustration, you want to increase the productivity of quail so the quality of feeding should be supported by genetic Day Old Quail (DOQ) quality. You want to increase the productivity of livestock should pay attention to the sanitary cattle shed too.

quail livestock
quail livestock

This small-bodied animal is only slightly larger than an adult’s fist and weighs no more than 150 grams per head. Although small-bodied, quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) has great potential in producing eggs and meat. You can note the following description.

Choose Quail Livestock

A chicken takes more than 6 months to start laying eggs. Chicken takes longer, while the quail begins to lay eggs 41 days.

A chicken weighing about 2 kg produces an egg weighing between 60-80 grams or 4 percent of its weight. Quail is able to produce eggs weighing 10 grams or nearly 7 percent weight.

In many places the price of chicken eggs consumption per kilogram is lower than the quail eggs.

Broiler chickens have the ability to produce about 325 eggs per year, slightly higher than the quail of 300 grains per year. Domestic chicken is much smaller only the production of about 150 eggs per year.

Quails need smaller cages and spaces to produce than chickens. Cage quail can be arranged piled up as well, but should pay more attention to sanitary cages.

The demand for feed is less than chicken, so the capital requirement to run the business becomes lower. This situation should appeal many breeders because it can be for main business purposes or side business.

The size of quail eggs is smaller than chicken eggs, but the use in recipes are relatively large. A recipe from the East that you can try “Quail Eggs Satay with Sesame Sauce”.

With the above illustration, quail farms become very relevant for entrepreneurs who have limited capital. Small capital but high production capability indicates a lucrative profit.

Pharmacological Effects of Gods Leaves.

Some time ago we began to get acquainted with the god leaves. In that case we use the god Leaves for the stung scorpion treatment. Actually The other benefits of this god leaves are many. And the use of God’s Leaf is also relatively easy. The god’s leaf (Gynura pseudo-china DC.) Has a synonym of G. divaricata DC., G. ovalis DC., Senecio divarigata L. In many areas the god leaves have many names among others on Sumatra island known as beluntas or in some places in Malay is known as the kio tigel.

How to use Gods Leaves.

god Leaves
god Leaves

Herbs as much as 10-15 grams on the stew and then after a cold drink. Tuber as much as 6-9 grams of boiled and then drunk. For external use, Herbs and Tubers in milled smooth and in the form of pasta. Paste it into the affected part of the body or experience the swelling.

Use of this herb can be eaten or placed on the outside of the sick. Some pharmacological effects that we can use as a reference as below.

Infusion of the leaves of the gods as much as 8 ml/kg BW with concentrations of 5%, 10%, and 15% b / v orally on guinea pigs that made fever can provide the antipyretic effect. The comparator used in this case is paracetamol.

Giving orally infusions of 10% god leaves with a dose of 1 g / kg bb in rabbit given oral glucose at a dose of 1.75 g / kg bb can lower the glucose level of virgin by 71.06%. As a comparison, in this case, is Glipzide.

Infusion of the leaves of the gods with doses of 12.5 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg and 200 mg/kg bw administered intravenously in adult white rat Wistar Galina can lower arterial blood pressure. At a dose of 50 mg/kg bb, infusion of the god leaves does not inhibit the increase in blood pressure caused by adrenaline and non-adrenaline. These hypotensive effects are not influenced by yohimbine (alpha adrenolytic), isoprenaline (sympathomimetic amines acting on beta 1 and beta 2 receptors), and acetylcholine (parasymatomimetics). Hypotensive activity may also inhibit the effects of thyramine and ephedrine.

Allegedly infusions of god leaves inhibit the working of sympathomimetic drugs that work indirectly.

Herbal Medicine: Treatment Stung by Scorpion

Herbal medicine can be dry material, forage or plant-shaped. One of the benefits of herbal medicine knowledge is when the process of outdoor activity. Knowledge of herbal medicine can treat or prevent the disease becomes more severe. Herbal medicine that has the property to reduce the poison of the small venomous animals is GodLeaf.

Nature tourism activities provide a sense of comfort, calm, and leave memories longer. Outdoor activity is popular from children to adults. In many offices make a gathering event by taking the outside atmosphere to cultivate freshness for employees.

The main problem is the annoying animals that attack us. Snakes, centipedes and scorpions are the animals we must be aware of.

We will discuss natural treatments when stung by scorpions with god leaves. We can see the symptoms when stung by a scorpion. These symptoms will differ at the level of the scorpion that is stingy.

Pain as burning on the part of the sting.
Swelling on a sting.
Tingling, cramping and sometimes numbness.
Knee joint pain and surrounding.

At a higher level will be accompanied by:

Nausea and vomiting.
Headaches and sensations spin.
Fever

Know God’s Leaf as Herbal Medicine

We first learn about the leaves of the gods. You can read the pharmacological effects of god leaves on other pages of this web. (See: Pharmacological Effects of Gods Leaves.)

Leaves of gods (Gynura Pseudo or Gynura segetum) are upright, annual plants with a height of 30-50 cm, when old will branch off a lot. The god leaves have soft green stems with elongated grooves. Gynura segetum has a single leaf, stemmed, fleshy, hairy, oval leaves until rounded elongated, blunt end, base tapered, edged edge, pinnate repeating, dark green upper surface color, underside of light green.

Nature and efficacy.

The god leaves are sweet, tasteless, cold, and slightly toxic. Efficacy of leaves of the god as an anti-inflammatory, reliever fever (antipyretic), pain relievers (analgesic), blood cleanser, blood conditioning and melting blood clot.

Chemical content.

The god leaves contain alkaloids, saponin, flavonoids, essential oils and tanins.

Parts used.

All parts of the leaf of gods can be used. Leaves, stems, and tubers of god leaves can be used as herbal medicine ingredients. Part of god’s leaves can be used in fresh or dried form.

Herbs for Breastfeeding Mothers| Streamlining Mother’s Milk.

The process of breastfeeding mothers is healthier for infant development and maternal health. Often breastfeeding mothers face the problem of not getting out or too little milk (breast milk) for the beloved baby. Of course this makes the mother’s heart restless.

Breastfeeding mothers can choose various options available to facilitate breast milk. One method that can be selected is the herbal method.

breastfeeding mothers
breastfeeding mothers

The vegetable cuisine is based on the benefits of katuk leaf. This vegetable is beneficial to launch breast milk, especially for mothers who do not like or avoid the consumption of drugs.

Herbal ingredients cooked like cooking vegetables for side dishes. You can customize these spices with any recipe in the world.. These materials include:

Katuk’s Leaves, kencur, salt, onion, bay leaves, galangal, carrots, brown sugar, green beans.

All materials are measured as necessary. These cooking ingredients can serve as a recipe or in some recipes. You should choose leaf katuk parts a bit tip or relatively young. After finely ground the spices then put into the cooking Katuk leaf. The use of katuk’s leaves in other recipes is adapted to the taste of the mother. The number of katuk’s leaves should not be too much and not be fed continuously.

Know the Leaf Katuk for Breastfeeding Mother

Leaves of katuk (Sauropus androgynous) is a kind of shrubs. Katuk plant height can reach 2 m or more if the soil is relatively fertile and enough water content. The stem is slightly soft and leaves are round or oval with a relatively large number. The katuk tree has white fruits and is small in shape. The fruit is attached to the branches and twigs of the katuk tree.

Herbs by using this leaf katuk because katuk’s leaves have the content almost 7% protein and 19% fiber. The leaves of katuk are rich in vitamin K, B, C, and beta-carotene. This leaf contains essential compounds such as saponins, tannins, flafonoid, triterpenoids, amino acids. The leaves of the katuk also contain calcium, iron, potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium. The color of the leaves is dark green it was because katuk leaves have high chlorophyll content.

Dry and Critical Land

Dry and critical land is often the main obstacle in agriculture. Farmers or hobbyists need more energy, thought, time and money to deal with drought and critical lands. In managing dry and critical land, farmers and planters must adjust input and yield factors.

Farming or hobbies in the garden need to know the state of the soil, the environment in which we develop a gardening hobby, as well as the suitability of plants to the soil environment.

Dry and critical land
Dry and critical land

We will face few barriers if we have a land area for gardening in a good area, fertile, enough water and not an area of pest attack.

What is Dry and Critical Land? Will Dry and Critical Land be used for Agriculture?

Problems will arise if your land is dry land, without you knowing that the land is critical land.

We certainly hesitate to continue the hobby in gardening if it turns out our land is dry land. Let us first understand the dry land and the critical land to ease our constraints on the ground.

Dry land is a plot of land that can be used for farming by using or using limited water and usually depends on rainwater.

Naturally dry land has the following characteristics.

Sensitive to erosion, especially if the ground is oblique or not covered by plants.

Low fertility rate. The content of nutrients and organic matter they contain is low.

Physical properties of the soil are poor, such as solid structures, topsoil, and lower layers have low humidity, impaired air circulation, and relatively low water retention.

Based on the rainfall on a dry land, two dry lands are known:

Dry land that has a wet climate.

This type of dry land is present in areas with wet months (rainfall over 200 mm per month) for 6-7 months, and dry months (less than 100 mm rainfall per month) for 3-4 months, or bulk minimum rainfall of more than or equal to 2000 mm per year.

Dry land that has a Dry climate.

This type of dry land is present in areas with dry months for 7-9 months and wet months for 3-4 months, or less than 2000 mm per year rainfall.

Knowledge of the land will give us an idea of how to treat the soil. We give special treatment to the factors that become the main obstacle. We are more focused on choosing the use of fertilizer plants, and methods of giving water for example.