The continuous heat in our environment can create effects of heat stress on health. In daily activities, especially exercising in open space during the day, a person can suffer the effects of heat stress on health. Heat stress can have negative effects on human health and the worst can cause death. Therefore the emergence of the effects of heat stress on health should be in red. We need heat stress prevention.
Effects of Heat Stress on Health and How to Recognize it
Here is an explanation of some of the effects of heat stress and how we recognize the symptoms.
(If you want to know the heat stress that can happen to workers, please see the article: Heat Working Climate and Heat Stress Prevention)
Heat cramps or is the occurrence of cramps or spasms in the muscles due to electrolyte fluid loss. Someone who suffers from heat cramps still will not be able to recover despite drinking enough water because it can not replace salt in the body. Drinking water can dilute the liquid electrolyte in the body and facilitate the electrolyte liquid out of the body so that the electrolyte fluid levels are lower. This is what causes the muscles to suffer painful cramps.
Usually, cramps attack the leg muscles, arms, or stomach. Tired muscles will be easier to cramp. A person can suffer from cramps for an hour or more. We can prevent cramps by drinking liquids containing electrolytes or salt.
Wet humid environments can cause Heat Rash. This symptom is due to the function of sweat glands suffering from disorders. Sweat cannot evaporate and stick to the skin. This gives rise to prickly heat, which is red spots on the skin and rather itchy. To avoid prickly heat, you can rest in a cool room and take a clean bath and dry the skin. If you have severe sweat then you should go to a dermatologist.
Transient Heat Fatigue
Transient heat fatigue is a temporary heat exhaustion caused by discomfort due to exposure to heat. This can cause mental or psychological tension. Transient Heat Fatigue generally affects a person susceptible to heat which interferes with performance, coordination, and alertness.
You can prevent transient heat fatigue by increasing resistance to a hot environment. You can improve endurance by gradually adjusting to the hot environment.
Heat exhaustion is the loss of large amounts of body fluids through sweat. These symptoms are sometimes accompanied by excessive loss of electrolyte fluid. People suffering from heat exhaust are still sweating but feel tiredness, dizziness, nausea or headaches. In more serious cases, the victim may suffer the loss of consciousness, vomiting, damp skin or moist, pale or flushed. Body temperature between (37 – 40 ° C).
Heat stroke is the most severe heat stress effect. The body’s thermoregulatory system is unable to maintain body temperature by sweating (stopping perspiration). Symptoms of heat stroke include rapid heartbeat, rapidly rising body temperature reaching 40 degrees C or more, heat, dry skin and looking bluish or reddish, no sweat on the victim’s body, dizziness, nausea, dizziness, mental disorders and stupor/loss of consciousness. If this happens, you should immediately remove the victim from the hot area and place it in a cold area. You should wet the victim’s body with a damp cloth to lower body temperature as first aid. We recommend that you seek medical help as soon as possible because it can result in death.
Effect of Heat Stress on Health and How To Handle It.
We can do the initial help to deal with it. The first step is to move the victim from a hot environment. If the clothes inhibit sweat, you should remove the victim’s clothes. And provide cold drinks containing electrolytes to the victim.
If the victim suffered a Heatstroke then you should immediately be taken to the hospital. The victim only has about 1 hour.