You can make organic fertilizer by utilizing kitchen waste. There is an easy way to make organic fertilizer for small scale. You can utilize the results of making organic fertilizer for your own garden needs. So by making organic fertilizer, the problem of kitchen waste is complete and you get fertilizer for the garden.
One method of making compost from organic material is by utilizing earthworm mainly from Lumbricus rubellus type. This method is more effective than the compost method in general that relies solely on the activity of bacterial decomposers. In a worm composting system, bacteria decomposers that are aerobic bacteria remain active to decompose waste. Fresh organic waste and the resultant bacteria will be digested by earthworms.
Making Organic Fertilizer from Kitchen Waste
For the manufacture of household scale fertilizer, we need equipment and materials needed.
Lumbricus rubellus worms.
Compost containers are wooden / plastic / cement boxes.
Waste organic waste kitchen, soil for bedding.
We use the earthworm type Lumbricus rubellus because it is able to live in a dense population. Lumbricus did not dig deep into the ground. This Lumbricus worm is a relatively gluttonous worm.
Organic materials used in the process of making this vermicompost is organic waste. Organic waste in the form of kitchen scraps, garden waste leaves, livestock manure, grass cuts and others. These types of organic waste will determine the speed of composting. Earthworms will more quickly process organic waste than organic fibrous waste. Organic trash fibrous such as coconut husk, banana stem. Before using high-fiber organic waste, you should first soak it. After that, you can enumerate high-fiber organic trashes. You can arrange rings between fibrous material and soft materials.
Compost containers with size 1 x 1 x 0.3 meters can accommodate about 20-40 kg of media depending on the type and composition of media used. You can fill the compost media with 1000-1500 worms. The more worms that enter the box will accelerate the process. The important thing to get attention is to keep the media moist. You should keep the humidity about 40% – 50%. Set pH between 6.3 to 7.5.
You should keep the ambient temperature and the media about 20-30 degrees Celsius. When placed outdoors should be kept from the extreme temperatures of winter and summer. Protect the roof from exposure to direct sun or rain that affects the humidity and temperature of the media.
Harvest from Making Organic Fertilizer
Let the worms eat the compost material into small grains. You can manually harvest vermicompos. You can spill the contents of the compost container and leave about 30 minutes. The worms will move to the base of the mound to avoid sunlight. You can take vermikompos from the top of the mound. Next you move the worm to a new media that has been prepared before.
Vermicompost obtained in dry. You can sift the media to nettle cocoons and young worms. Young worms and cocoons are inserted into new media. The dried vermicompost is ready for fertilization.