River Conch As an Alternative Source of Protein.

We need an alternative source of protein for various reasons. Some of us need an alternative source of protein on the grounds of dietary variations. While in developing countries, they need alternative sources of protein due to limited budget and availability of natural resources.

A small number of people in some countries consume river conch. They cook in different ways, roasted, fried, boiled or cooked like cooking seashells. For the community, shellfish or rice field shell is one alternative source of protein that can be obtained by easy and easy from nature.

alternative source of protein
alternative source of protein

Some people may feel disgusted to eat the meat of this river conch because a little slimy. The unattractive shape also makes people lazy to consume river conch.

Is it true that this river conch is an alternative source of protein?

The protein content of river conchs reaches 12% per 100 gram. When compared to beef only slight difference because beef contains protein that reaches 18% per 100 grams. So, this snail meat deserves in use as one of an alternative source of protein. When viewed the cost to get it, the river snails hardly cost anything. This snail is derived from the wild and no one has cultivated it.

The conch meat has a sweet taste like a shell with a chewy and fibrous texture. That’s why river shells can be cooked with a variety of recipes and have fans.

In addition to protein, the nutritional content of snails includes calcium 217 mg, calories 90 calories, fat 1 gram, sodium 70 mg, Carbohydrates 2 grams, vitamin A 2%, niacin and water 81 grams.

The river conch should be cooked in a good way for maximum taste and eliminate the smell of mud. You should soak and wash it over and over with a clean so that the smell of mud and mucus is lost.

This chewy snails need cooking time equivalent to cooking beef or chicken. You can boil, fry, roast or combine cooking methods to grow the maximum taste. You can use marine shellfish recipes.

In some areas of the country, these river shells are believed to have herbal properties. High calcium content makes this snail used for healing bone problems. And in some places also believed to cure hemorrhoids.

Review of Earthquake Resistant Building Structure

The review of earthquake resistant building structures is very useful for residents who live in earthquake areas. They need technical access to earthquake resistant building structures. So they can adjust the resources available around them with earthquake resistant building structures.

earthquake resistant building
earthquake resistant building

In order to become a building that is resistant to earthquake then you need to pay attention to the structure of the building.As in the review, this structure will discuss Footings, columns/ post, roofs, and walls.

Earthquake resistant building structures – Footing.

The Footing is a lower structure that holds the structure above and forwards the load to the ground so that the Footing satisfies the following.

You must choose a solid ground to place the Foundation, which is laying the foundation on a hard ground. Footing lies deeper than 45 cm below ground level. The whole Footing must lie on a strong ground.

You must connect the Footing with the footing belt (sloof). This gives on the local footing (pedestal) and the continuous footing.

Sloof / the footing beam (sloof) should be lumped on the Footing with a 1.5 m with 12 mm diameter iron reinforcement.

You should not lay the Footing too close to the cliff wall to avoid landslides.

To prevent cliff slopes, you should provide a ground holder with a rock-stone pair or from a bamboo or wooden plaster.

Earthquake resistant building structures – Column / Column.

columns or poles to help the wall in holding the load above it while making the wall into a ductile wall. The things to note in the column are as follows.

Buildings should use columns as load-bearing elements, eg using reinforced concrete columns.

The column should be laid on the Footing beam (sloof) or the bond is passed to the Footing.

You must tie at the top end of the bony column or each column. You need to put it together with a beam around / ring balk.

Building frames (Sloof, beams, and columns) should have a strong and sturdy relationship.

The column should be equipped with a stiffening beam (ring balk, latei beam) to withstand the lateral force of the earthquake.

Earthquake resistant building structures – Building Beams.

The beams on simple house building consist of ring balk (beam around) and lintel beam. Latex beam/lintel has a function as a horizontal reinforcement and is generally located above the frame. Crosslinks can be mounted when possible.

see: Overview Architecture of Earthquake Resistant Buildings

Eliminate Body Odor with Herbs

Many people have a problem with the smell of sweat so sharp that it often interfere with work relationships. Sharp body odor often causes a person’s confidence to fall. The appearance of various scents and perfumes is very helpful to those who have body odor problems. Perfume aroma of the manufacturer is very diverse ranging from flowers, fruits, tobacco, synthetic to a mixture of various scents. Some perfumes have a sensual aroma of passion and fantasy.

body odor
body odor

The existence of these various perfume products make the problem of sharp body odor becomes less important or even forgotten. Dependence on this perfume will be a very big disaster if you lose perfume for example. You will be surrounded by anxiety associated with perfume, for example, out of stock, lost in the street, forgot not to wear. Body odor can not really be removed just like that with perfume, like a perfume only serves as an umbrella.

Eliminate Body Odor with Medicinal Herbal

To get rid of body odor with herbs can be done as follows.

Take the ylang flower as much as 2 handfuls add temugiring that has been peeled as much as one handful. Both of these materials are finely ground and stirred evenly. The shape becomes a small grain the size of pill medicine or capsule. The concoction of herbal medicine that you have form the small granules then dried. You can dry by way of drying in the sun or using the oven. At the time of drying you should keep the cleanliness and the level of heat to the material. You can keep it in a jar or closed medicine container, and keep it for a few days. Medicinal herbs taken or eaten with bananas every morning and afternoon as much as one pill.

There are other herbs that are easier to do. This herb utilize leaves beluntas and basil leaves. You should eat more often these two types of herbal ingredients. The way of processing to become an herbal medicine according to your taste. You may mix it with other foodstuffs or make it like a juice. You may eat fresh leaves or cook them first. If you are unfamiliar with the smell and flavor of the leaves, you should mix with other foods. You can ask friends help to mix into a recipe that suits your taste.

The Causes of Pet Birds do not Want to Lay Their Eggs

One of the problems of birds is that birds do not want to lay their eggs. Many hobbyists and breeders experience it. We keep birds for many reasons, among others, beautiful voice, good shape, already rare in nature, or because of the beauty of the color of the fur. Hobbyists and bird breeders often keep birds in cages in pairs. Why birds do not want to lay their eggs?

The problem of sparrow pairing does not want to lay eggs should be searched for its cause because the possibility does not only come from one cause. Causes factor can be one or more.

Factors Birds do not want to lay their eggs

Here are the reasons birds do not want to lay their eggs. One or more of them may be causing your bird pair to not lay their eggs.

birds do not want to lay their eggs
birds do not want to lay their eggs

Both parent birds may be of the same sex: male x male, or female x female. So, make sure both the parent bird is a couple of males and females. The most common problem is the difficulty of distinguishing between male and female birds. Some bird species such as parakeets and walnuts have similarities between males and females. Often male and female birds have a singing skill. Hobbyist experts who can distinguish birds like this.

You should choose a mature parent. You may be pairing birds that have not reached the age of the adult sex, either one or both mothers. Experience people will easily see the signs of maturity birds are ready to mate, but beginners will be hard to see.

One or both birds are not ready mentally to mate. Many factors affect the mental readiness of birds. Usually occurs in male birds younger than female birds. Birds that since childhood grows in a comfortable environment will have a better mentality.

Birds are afraid or uncomfortable with disturbances in cage lighting, noisy environments, frequent people, or other dreaded animals such as cats and dogs.

Other Cause Bird Couples Do not Want to Spawn

Other important reasons include:

Birds have nutritional problems. They should not have malnutrition or excessive obesity.

Birds have hormonal disorders. This disorder can occur in female birds and male birds.

Birds in sick condition. They often do not show symptoms of pain because their instinct will cover it from the threat of predators.

Birds have physical disabilities or are hereditary.

Birds experience disturbances in the reproductive system other than hormonal factors.

Too often mated and changing partners in one season.

When it is known the causes as above then the treatment of the mother bird can be applied. Keep in mind, however, that the causes that affect your pet birds will not spawn may not be just one cause.

In some cases, such as physical disability, or not yet reached adult age, the best solution is to replace the troubled bird with a new bird.

Also, make sure the environmental conditions support the cage. Keep the cage not in a closed room, and the air temperature is cultivated relatively stable. In the cage needs to be provided nest compilers for birds encouraged to mate.

see: Usage of Apple Vinegar to Treat Birds.

Overview Architecture of Earthquake Resistant Buildings.

This architecture of earthquake resistant buildings review is very useful for residents who live in earthquake areas. They need access to architecture of earthquake resistant buildings. So they can customize the available resources with architecture of earthquake resistant buildings.

Our previous writings have examined the damage to buildings caused by earthquakes. We have also studied the concept of the simple earthquake-resistant building. This is important for people living in earthquake-prone areas.

architecture of earthquake resistant buildings
architecture of earthquake resistant buildings

Simple earthquake-resistant residential buildings in an architectural review include three things: the discussion of design, roof and wall building openings.

Architecture of Earthquake Resistant Buildings – Design.

Building design should have a symmetrical shape because this form can eliminate the effect of torsion. Simple symmetrical design forms, among others, squares and rectangles.

But we can choose a symmetrical design that is not simple for our home. The shape of the circle and the many facets is including the design of a symmetrical shape that is not simple.

Buildings that have an asymmetrical design should be separated into sections that have a symmetrical shape.

You must separate the L-shaped building into two square and rectangular buildings. You should also separate the T-shaped building into 2 or 3 square-shaped symmetric designs and rectangles.

To avoid twisting effects on buildings, you must separate the asymmetric shape into a symmetrical shape.

Design that is too long will reduce the strength (performance) of buildings if there is a decrease in buildings and differences in movement behavior. This is due to the effects of non-structural reality and the reality of loading. Therefore, you should separate buildings according to the conditions of land and building uniformity.

For example the building is too long then you have to separate into 2 or three sections of the square shaped building.

Architecture of Earthquake Resistant Buildings – Roof Building.

Basically, roof forms that are too big and too heavy can endanger the security of the structure as it can lead to larger earthquake loads. Therefore, roof buildings should use lightweight roofing materials such as zinc, asbestos or aluminum. You should tie the asbestos or zinc roofing material on gording with nails, iron plates or bolts.

For areas one and two, when using a roof tile should be tied to the batten. While on the tile that has a hole can be tied to a nail. The tile that does not have a hole should be tied every 4-lane roof with wire fastener.

Overstek usage that is too long can cause the center of the building to shift from the center of the building. Long oversteks are also vulnerable (more risky) to earthquake-shaking vertical directions.

Simple Earthquake Resistant Building Concept.

This simple earthquake resistant building is very useful for residents who live in the quake areas. This time we’re not discussing the cause of the earthquake here, maybe next time on another page at free-technews.info.  Countries with middle-low income inhabitants desperately need a simple earthquake resistant building concept. People in low-income countries generally do not pay attention to simple earthquake resistant building techniques. They only utilize the natural resources that exist around.

Objectives Planning for Earthquake Resistant Buildings.

The purpose of planning earthquake resistant buildings as follows below.
Prevent and reduce the incidence of human fatalities.
Prevents, reduces, or protects people from injury.
Prevent and reduce the occurrence of damage to buildings.
Prevent and reduce the incidence of damage to the contents of the building (property, furniture, and valuables).

earthquake resistant building
earthquake resistant building

We can formulate earthquake resistant building concepts based on references written by earthquake experts, institutions and studies from a field survey in earthquake-damaged areas.

The Principles of Earthquake Resistant Buildings.

Earthquakes can be classified into 3 levels ie, light earthquakes, moderate earthquakes, and heavy earthquakes. In the construction of simple earthquake resistant, residential buildings must meet the principles of earthquake-resistant buildings. These principles are as follows.

In the event of a light earthquake, the building is not damaged.

In the event of a moderate earthquake, the technical building may suffer damage to non-structural elements but should not be damaged in its structural elements. Simple earthquake-resistant buildings may damage the walls.

In case of a major earthquake, the technical building may suffer damage to its non-structural elements and structures. Fixed buildings should not collapse, while simple buildings may suffer wall damage and retrofitting practically. We can still repair the damages that arise.

Buildings that are resistant to large earthquakes are ductile buildings (clay, a lot). The ductile building is the ability of the building to change shape but still can accept the burden. The opposite of ductile builds is the brittle building. The brittle building is not very resistant to earthquake shocks.

Is it True that Irregular Exercise Causes Pain?

Many people do irregular exercise. Lifestyle and daily rhythms that change quickly affect irregular exercise. This irregular exercise will be detrimental to health. Sports will make the body fit. You need to remember that exercise without proper physical exercise guidelines will actually harm your health. If you do high intensity for a long time, physical exercise results in tissue damage.

irregular exercise
irregular exercise

An hour after exercise the permeability level of the cell membrane increases sharply. After exercise and cooling, blood lactic acid (ALD) levels increased by 59%. Increased ALD will cause permeability (permeability rate) of the increased cell membrane. The effects of such processes are those materials that normally do not pass through cell membranes to free in and out of the cell. Traffic arrangement of substances from outside and inside the cell becomes uncontrolled resulting in network damage. If you increase the intensity of physical exercise, there will be more reactive oxidant compounds. You need to remember that our bodies cannot neutralize many reactive oxidant compounds.

Irregular exercise Increases Network Damage

This tissue damage is seen from increased levels of the enzyme Creatine Phosphokinase (CPK) and Lactic Dehydrogenase (LDH). These two enzymes are a sign of cell membrane breakdown. These enzymes will begin to increase in the fifth minute after undergoing physical exercise. The levels of these enzymes will continue to increase until 60 minutes. In aerobic exercise, these enzymes increase only by 20-36% at 60 minutes. In anaerobic exercise, these enzymes increase by 60%.

This suggests that cell membrane permeability rates are very high after physical exercise. The higher the intensity of physical exercise, the higher the SOR production the more severe the damage to the network. The enzymes that mark the destruction of these tissues are most commonly found in muscles. You can find CPK (Creatine Phosphokinase) in skeletal muscles, while LDH can be found in the heart and skeletal muscles.

Actually, a high physical exercise load will stimulate skeletal muscle cells. This will also stimulate the antioxidant system in fast and slow type muscles. The more trained one, the higher the response and the capacity of the antioxidant enzyme. You should pay attention to the main problem that is how to set up an exercise program. You should develop an exercise program that can improve the physical condition and capabilities of the anti-oxidant system without causing tissue damage.

Another interesting article : How to Get Good Sleep and Quality

Buildings Damage caused by Earthquakes.

Buildings damage caused by earthquakes can be severe or mild. Buildings damage caused by earthquakes depends on the condition of the building and the strength of the earthquake. There are several points of Buildings damage caused by earthquakes are more severe than other buildings.

Buildings damage caused by earthquakes
Buildings damage caused by earthquakes

Strong earthquakes can cause damaged facilities and infrastructure. Some scientific studies concluded that the damage to buildings by the earthquake occurred in many residential buildings inhabited by people with middle to lower income. The damage encountered can be either one or a combination of damage to the roof, walls, and foundations.

Building Damage caused by Earthquakes: Roof Sections

Sharp angle roof cover will be sliding due to unbound tiles with battens.

The earthquake will cause the roof covering scattered. This is because some of the battens and rugs have been weathered.

The roof frame that is not tied to the wall (not drained at the ends of the pedestal) causes the roof of the roof is less stable. Earthquakes will move the roof easily.

Ceiling/ceiling collapsed due to the bonding hanger is weak and heavy ceiling load. Cockets and practical columns that do not have a strong bond because there is no armature-armature that unites it. In addition, the practical column bonds with the ring balk are inadequate so that the structural elements do not work and there is damage to the building at the time of the building in the quake shock.

Building Damage caused by Earthquakes: Wall Sections

Buildings are not given lintel blocks that serve as horizontal binders to withstand earthquakes.

Tempus of mountains (ampigs) that are not given the strengthening of the top of the wall and the quality of building materials that do not meet the requirements. Such a wall would easily collapse during an earthquake.

Unconfined vertical reinforcement mounts will cause damage to the middle during an earthquake.

Buildings that do not use fastening frames (practical columns and ring balks) of reinforced concrete make the building very fragile. Earthquakes will knock down buildings like this all of a sudden.

Support placement is not strong enough to withstand the frame load of the building-caused horses not using the load-bearing element of reinforced concrete (practical columns and ring balks) at the bottom of the frame of the roof’s horses so that the building is damaged in the event of an earthquake.

Building walls only have half height only with wooden poles as a buffer roof. A large roof load will weigh on a weak wooden pole so that during an earthquake, the building column is unable to withstand the horizontal load caused by earthquakes. This resulted in the building collapsing.

Earthworms as a Solution to Kitchen Waste Problems | Compost.

Every house faces the kitchen waste problems. Kitchen waste problem can be heavy or light depending on the quantity and resources that have. One way to solve the problem of kitchen waste is with earthworms.

Domestic waste consists of organic and non organic wastes. The largest part of domestic waste is organic waste. We can turn this organic waste into compost (fertilizer from organic matter).

kitchen waste problem
kitchen waste problem

You can make compost by utilizing worm activity. You can make compost by utilizing worm activity. Earthworms decompose organic matter so it takes less time in composting process conventionally. There are several types of earthworms but you should use earthworms of Lumbricus rubellus soil. Lumbricus rubellus worm is a worm that lives in the topsoil, is brownish red and the lower part is pale yellowish.

Kitchen Waste Problem Generate Vermicompost

The existence of earthworms in nature process decomposition of waste is very fast because of organic waste digested by a collection of micro organisms and earthworms.

Worms are highly efficient organic waste digesters. Worms eat almost all organic waste. Lumbricus rubellus is very fond of organic waste types of kitchen waste, garden waste, paper, banana stems, livestock manure and others.

The superiority of earthworms as kitchen composers in addition to a shorter decomposition time is a simple process, requiring no heat, no light, and no need to stir or reverse.

Earthworms produce residual waste worms or faeces that are rich in nutrients for plants. This worm waste is an excellent organic fertilizer for soil and plants. Worm dung is a compost that is often referred to as vermicompost. Vermicompost is easily absorbed by plants, more uniform, and more stable than conventional compost. 

You can use this produced compost as an organic fertilizer. Fertilizer is advantageous because it can to mix or stand alone. You also save it for future time. Compost can nourish your own garden or share it with other farmers.

Vermicompost able to improve soil structure so that the soil more loose and able to store water longer. We no longer need to buy fertilizer or loose soil for use in pots or polybags. Vermicompost can be used alone or mixed with soil depending on the type of plant being planted. You can also take advantage of excess earthworms as fish feed, fishing bait, chicken feed or animal feed pet.

On the next page on this free-technews web, we will discuss the composting of technically simple in the household scale.

Make Organic Fertilizer Using Lumbricus.

You can make organic fertilizer by utilizing kitchen waste. There is an easy way to make organic fertilizer for small scale. You can utilize the results of making organic fertilizer for your own garden needs. So by making organic fertilizer, the problem of kitchen waste is complete and you get fertilizer for the garden.

One method of making compost from organic material is by utilizing earthworm mainly from Lumbricus rubellus type. This method is more effective than the compost method in general that relies solely on the activity of bacterial decomposers. In a worm composting system, bacteria decomposers that are aerobic bacteria remain active to decompose waste. Fresh organic waste and the resultant bacteria will be digested by earthworms.

Making Organic Fertilizer from Kitchen Waste

For the manufacture of household scale fertilizer, we need equipment and materials needed.
Lumbricus rubellus worms.
Compost containers are wooden / plastic / cement boxes.
Waste organic waste kitchen, soil for bedding.
Sieve.
Trash cutter.

We use the earthworm type Lumbricus rubellus because it is able to live in a dense population. Lumbricus did not dig deep into the ground. This Lumbricus worm is a relatively gluttonous worm.

Organic materials used in the process of making this vermicompost is organic waste. Organic waste in the form of kitchen scraps, garden waste leaves, livestock manure, grass cuts and others. These types of organic waste will determine the speed of composting. Earthworms will more quickly process organic waste than organic fibrous waste. Organic trash fibrous such as coconut husk, banana stem. Before using high-fiber organic waste, you should first soak it. After that, you can enumerate high-fiber organic trashes. You can arrange rings between fibrous material and soft materials.

Compost containers with size 1 x 1 x 0.3 meters can accommodate about 20-40 kg of media depending on the type and composition of media used. You can fill the compost media with 1000-1500 worms. The more worms that enter the box will accelerate the process. The important thing to get attention is to keep the media moist. You should keep the humidity about 40% – 50%.  Set pH between 6.3 to 7.5.

You should keep the ambient temperature and the media about 20-30 degrees Celsius. When placed outdoors should be kept from the extreme temperatures of winter and summer. Protect the roof from exposure to direct sun or rain that affects the humidity and temperature of the media.

Harvest from Making Organic Fertilizer

Let the worms eat the compost material into small grains. You can manually harvest vermicompos. You can spill the contents of the compost container and leave about 30 minutes. The worms will move to the base of the mound to avoid sunlight. You can take vermikompos from the top of the mound. Next you move the worm to a new media that has been prepared before.

Vermicompost obtained in dry. You can sift the media to nettle cocoons and young worms. Young worms and cocoons are inserted into new media. The dried vermicompost is ready for fertilization.