The review of earthquake resistant building structures is very useful for residents who live in earthquake areas. They need technical access to earthquake resistant building structures. So they can adjust the resources available around them with earthquake resistant building structures.
In order to become a building that is resistant to earthquake then you need to pay attention to the structure of the building. As in the review, this structure will discuss Footings, columns/ post, roofs, and walls.
Earthquake resistant building structures – Footing
The Footing is a lower structure that holds the structure above and forwards the load to the ground so that the Footing satisfies the following.
You must choose a solid ground to place the Foundation, which is laying the foundation on a hard ground. Footing lies deeper than 45 cm below ground level. The whole Footing must lie on a strong ground.
You must connect the Footing with the footing belt (sloof). This gives on the local footing (pedestal) and the continuous footing.
Sloof/ the footing beam should be lumped on the Footing with a 1.5 m with 12 mm diameter iron reinforcement.
You should not lay the Footing too close to the cliff wall to avoid landslides. To prevent cliff slopes, you should provide a ground holder with a rock-stone pair or from a bamboo or wooden plaster
Earthquake resistant building structures – Column
columns or poles to help the wall in holding the load above it while making the wall into a ductile wall. The things to note in the column are as follows.
Buildings should use columns as load-bearing elements, eg using reinforced concrete columns.
The column should be laid on the Footing beam (sloof) or the bond is passed to the Footing.
You must tie at the top end of the bony column or each column. You need to put it together with a beam around / ring balk.
Building frames (Sloof, beams, and columns) should have a strong and sturdy relationship.
The column should be equipped with a stiffening beam (ring balk, latei beam) to withstand the lateral force of the earthquake.
Earthquake resistant building structures – Building Beams
The beams on simple house building consist of ring balk (beam around) and lintel beam. Latex beam/lintel has a function as a horizontal reinforcement and is generally located above the frame. Crosslinks can be mounted when possible.