Earthworms as a Solution to Kitchen Waste Problems | Compost.

Every house faces the kitchen waste problems. Kitchen waste problem can be heavy or light depending on the quantity and resources that have. One way to solve the problem of kitchen waste is with earthworms.

Domestic waste consists of organic and non organic wastes. The largest part of domestic waste is organic waste. We can turn this organic waste into compost (fertilizer from organic matter).

kitchen waste problem
kitchen waste problem

You can make compost by utilizing worm activity. You can make compost by utilizing worm activity. Earthworms decompose organic matter so it takes less time in composting process conventionally. There are several types of earthworms but you should use earthworms of Lumbricus rubellus soil. Lumbricus rubellus worm is a worm that lives in the topsoil, is brownish red and the lower part is pale yellowish.

Kitchen Waste Problem Generate Vermicompost

The existence of earthworms in nature process decomposition of waste is very fast because of organic waste digested by a collection of micro organisms and earthworms.

Worms are highly efficient organic waste digesters. Worms eat almost all organic waste. Lumbricus rubellus is very fond of organic waste types of kitchen waste, garden waste, paper, banana stems, livestock manure and others.

The superiority of earthworms as kitchen composers in addition to a shorter decomposition time is a simple process, requiring no heat, no light, and no need to stir or reverse.

Earthworms produce residual waste worms or faeces that are rich in nutrients for plants. This worm waste is an excellent organic fertilizer for soil and plants. Worm dung is a compost that is often referred to as vermicompost. Vermicompost is easily absorbed by plants, more uniform, and more stable than conventional compost. 

You can use this produced compost as an organic fertilizer. Fertilizer is advantageous because it can to mix or stand alone. You also save it for future time. Compost can nourish your own garden or share it with other farmers.

Vermicompost able to improve soil structure so that the soil more loose and able to store water longer. We no longer need to buy fertilizer or loose soil for use in pots or polybags. Vermicompost can be used alone or mixed with soil depending on the type of plant being planted. You can also take advantage of excess earthworms as fish feed, fishing bait, chicken feed or animal feed pet.

On the next page on this free-technews web, we will discuss the composting of technically simple in the household scale.

Make Organic Fertilizer Using Lumbricus.

You can make organic fertilizer by utilizing kitchen waste. There is an easy way to make organic fertilizer for small scale. You can utilize the results of making organic fertilizer for your own garden needs. So by making organic fertilizer, the problem of kitchen waste is complete and you get fertilizer for the garden.

One method of making compost from organic material is by utilizing earthworm mainly from Lumbricus rubellus type. This method is more effective than the compost method in general that relies solely on the activity of bacterial decomposers. In a worm composting system, bacteria decomposers that are aerobic bacteria remain active to decompose waste. Fresh organic waste and the resultant bacteria will be digested by earthworms.

Making Organic Fertilizer from Kitchen Waste

For the manufacture of household scale fertilizer, we need equipment and materials needed.
Lumbricus rubellus worms.
Compost containers are wooden / plastic / cement boxes.
Waste organic waste kitchen, soil for bedding.
Sieve.
Trash cutter.

We use the earthworm type Lumbricus rubellus because it is able to live in a dense population. Lumbricus did not dig deep into the ground. This Lumbricus worm is a relatively gluttonous worm.

Organic materials used in the process of making this vermicompost is organic waste. Organic waste in the form of kitchen scraps, garden waste leaves, livestock manure, grass cuts and others. These types of organic waste will determine the speed of composting. Earthworms will more quickly process organic waste than organic fibrous waste. Organic trash fibrous such as coconut husk, banana stem. Before using high-fiber organic waste, you should first soak it. After that, you can enumerate high-fiber organic trashes. You can arrange rings between fibrous material and soft materials.

Compost containers with size 1 x 1 x 0.3 meters can accommodate about 20-40 kg of media depending on the type and composition of media used. You can fill the compost media with 1000-1500 worms. The more worms that enter the box will accelerate the process. The important thing to get attention is to keep the media moist. You should keep the humidity about 40% – 50%.  Set pH between 6.3 to 7.5.

You should keep the ambient temperature and the media about 20-30 degrees Celsius. When placed outdoors should be kept from the extreme temperatures of winter and summer. Protect the roof from exposure to direct sun or rain that affects the humidity and temperature of the media.

Harvest from Making Organic Fertilizer

Let the worms eat the compost material into small grains. You can manually harvest vermicompos. You can spill the contents of the compost container and leave about 30 minutes. The worms will move to the base of the mound to avoid sunlight. You can take vermikompos from the top of the mound. Next you move the worm to a new media that has been prepared before.

Vermicompost obtained in dry. You can sift the media to nettle cocoons and young worms. Young worms and cocoons are inserted into new media. The dried vermicompost is ready for fertilization.